Cupressus sempervirens is an evergreen conifer of small size, originating from North America, Mediterranean Europe, northern Africa and Asia, usually columnar in shape, more rarely fastigiata. Cypress trees generally have compact foliage, bright green and small, opposite leaves, similar to scales, which, when rubbed, spread a characteristic odor; the fruits (galbule) of this genus of trees are roundish, dehiscent, consisting of fleshy capsules, which become woody when ripe and break free releasing small seeds. It is a kind of tree widely used in gardens on the edges of avenues, even as street trees.
There are numerous varieties, all united by the presence of scales in the leaves and by gems with rounded pine cones.
the cypress loves sunny positions, possibly sheltered from too cold winters, and winds. It is a plant that resists well in temperate climates and can withstand the cold, provided it is not intense. In fact, cold temperatures and wind can cause severe suffering and even death. They are not particularly resistant plants to polluted environments.
Younger plants must be planted in spring, to allow them to gain strength and develop before the temperature drops.
Speaking of which are the water needs of the Cupressus sempervirens, we can say that this kind of plant usually loves a fairly humid soil, even if it bears short periods of drought; it should be watered at least every 10-15 days.
The most adult specimens of these trees are much more resistant and can be satisfied with the rains, because their root system is able to develop in depth, going to take the moisture present in the soil.
In autumn and spring it is advisable to bury a small amount of organic fertilizer at the foot of the tree.
When supplying water, check that water does not form, dangerous for these trees.
The cypress does not have any particular requirements as regards the type of soil where it is planted, the important thing is that it is well drained when stagnant water is dangerous and can cause root rot or the onset of fungal diseases.
The multiplication of the cypress occurs by sowing in the spring, although this method is not widely used due to the not too fast growth. It is preferable to practice cuttings, which should be rooted in a mixture of peat and sand in equal parts, and should be kept in a temperate place for at least two years before being planted.
Cypress - Cupressus sempervirens: Pests and diseases
These trees have a majestic and imposing appearance but can be attacked by fungal diseases which, if left untreated, can lead to the death of the plant. If there are signs of this type of disease, such as sprigs of yellowing, the definitely affected parts must be eliminated.
Aphids are another type of problem that can affect the Cupressus sempervirens, which must be counteracted through the use of specific insecticide products or with natural methods, such as a preparation based on water and garlic, macerated inside, to be vaporized on the affected specimens.