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How to plant a mango seed, features of growing a mango tree

How to plant a mango seed, features of growing a mango tree


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A tropical fruit of incredible taste - a favorite delicacy of true gourmets. It is not surprising that many home gardening enthusiasts have the idea of ​​growing this exotic fruit at home.

The question arises of how to plant a mango seed, and it will be about him, and grow a fruiting plant from it.

Content:

  • Description of the mango tree, how it blooms
  • Mango fruits, how are they useful, the use of seeds
  • How to germinate a mango seed
  • How to plant a mango seed
  • Will seed mango bear fruit

Description of the mango tree, how it blooms

Mango (mangifera) - is grown as an ornamental tree because of its beautiful foliage or as a fruit species. These evergreens belong to the Sumakhov family and are distinguished by glossy dark green foliage.

Under natural conditions, they can grow to enormous sizes, therefore, when grown in an apartment, it needs systematic pruning.

In addition to the unforgettable taste of the fruit, mangoes are known for the incredible beauty of flowers. Large pale pink panicles have a delicate, pleasant aroma. The latter led to its widespread use not only in cooking, but also in home gardening.

However, in landscape design, it is used only in southern European countries, in its native Asian countries it is used only as an agricultural crop.

The homeland of the mangifera is the humid tropics of India and Myanmar, it is found in California, the Malay archipelago, the Philippine Islands. The most common mangifera is in India, which is a major supplier of fruits to European markets.

However, in Europe, the culture is also cultivated, grown in Spain and the Canary Islands.

The optimal conditions for growing mangifera are considered to be hot, humid climates. In the natural environment, the same conditions are typical for tropical latitudes.

Mango fruits, how are they useful, the use of seeds

Some people rightly call mango the king of tropical fruits. The fruits and foliage of mangifera contain a large amount of useful substances, which determined not only the unique taste of the fruit, but also a lot of useful properties.

The main useful properties include:

  • A beneficial effect on the work of the central nervous system, which is due to the large amount of plant endorphins that improve memory, the speed of thinking processes. Suitable for combating stress by increasing the amount of happiness hormones in the body;
  • Effectiveness in the treatment of bladder and kidney problems. Especially effective are the attraction of inflammatory processes in pyelonephritis, prevents the formation of kidney stones by improving the functioning of these organs;
  • The disinfecting properties of the pulp, which are especially appreciated by dentists. Perfect for the prevention of a number of diseases of the teeth and gums;
  • Cleansing the body, which is especially important for those who want to lose weight, accelerating metabolism and stabilizing the water-salt balance. Some nutritionists even recommend a special mango diet, with the help of which you can quickly and effortlessly cope with the problem of excess weight;
  • Increasing the defense of the immune system, increasing the general tone of the body. In the face of the cold season, ingesting mangoes is an excellent method to prevent influenza. Despite the fact that the majority believe that at this time, special attention should be paid to fruits rich in vitamin C, one should not ignore the mango, its fruits are no less effective in the prevention of ARVI;
  • An obstacle to the acceleration of cell division, which leads to the development of oncology, malignant neoplasms. With the systematic consumption of fruit, the level of this danger is significantly reduced;
  • Improvement of vision, due to retinol, which is in the composition of the pulp. If you constantly consume the fruit, the risk of myopia formation is significantly reduced. In addition, it helps to eliminate excessive drying of the cornea and eye fatigue;
  • Effective fight against stool problems. A large percentage of fiber, which is in the pulp, will help people suffering from diarrhea or, conversely, constipation;
  • Effectiveness in the prevention of atherosclerosis, which in recent years has become a real curse for the elderly. Consuming fruit systematically will help protect yourself from this.

However, not only mangifera pulp has a whole range of beneficial properties. Foliage, peel and, especially, bones are no less useful.

The latter are used as the prevention of asthma, varicose veins, anemia, caries, pathologies of the cardiovascular system and malfunctions of the pancreas.

Mango leaves are a panacea for people with diabetes.

The systematic consumption of decoctions from the foliage of this tree helps to lower glucose levels and makes it possible to maintain normal vision: in diabetics, pathologies of the optic organ are observed very often.

How to germinate a mango seed

In order to germinate a bone, you must first of all prepare it. First you need to cut the pulp, carefully peel the remnants from it. The latter is especially important, since an insufficiently cleaned bone will begin to rot, which can lead to the death of a young sprout.

The fruit bone is large and elongated, and when preparing the seed for planting, it is recommended to first determine where it is up and down, which is especially important when germinating.

The stone must either be opened, or it needs help in this; in the second case, it must be carefully opened with a sharp knife in order to get the seeds. There may be several of them in one bone, it is recommended to give preference to smooth and white, healthy seeds. A brownish tint is a sign of illness.

If it is not possible to open the shell flaps, do not persist, this will damage the seeds.

The sprouts will appear this way, although it will take a little longer.

In order to germinate a bone, you need:

  • Place the seed in a glass of water, so that it is 3/4 immersed in the liquid, systematically change the water every two days. On the tenth day, you can see the first sprout and the seed can be planted in a previously prepared substrate;
  • In addition to water, you can use a damp towel, systematically wetting it until the first shoots form;
  • After the first shoots appear, it is recommended to plant the seeds in the soil.

Germinating seeds is not difficult, it is enough to have water, a seed on hand and a few weeks in stock. It is not the tenth day that the first roots are formed.

Let's watch an interesting video about sprouting mango seeds:

How to plant a mango seed

Planting a sprouted seed is an important stage that should be approached with all responsibility.

For a correct disembarkation, it is recommended:

  • Choose a deep container in advance, since the roots of mangoes are long;
  • Fill the bottom of the pot with a layer of expanded clay or small pebbles. It is recommended to fill a layer of soil on top of the drainage layer, it is recommended to choose a universal mixture fertilized, if necessary, with a mixture for palm plants;
  • Make a small hole in the substrate and place the seed in it so that the root is directed downward. Sprinkle it on top with a centimeter layer of soil;
  • After planting, cover the container on top with a film, creating the effect of a greenhouse, which is necessary for the further germination of the tree. In addition to polyethylene, a cut bottle is suitable, in this case it is easier to carry out systematic watering and airing the sprout without removing the cover and without destroying the conditions of the greenhouse;
  • Mangifera grows slowly, the appearance of the first shoots above the soil level can take a month. However, after the sprout hatches, the growth rate will increase significantly. From now on, it is recommended to increase the frequency of watering, while it is important not to overdo it. Waterlogging is just as dangerous for a young tree as a lack of water.

Correctly made planting is the key to growing a healthy tree. A suitable substrate and systematic watering will help any gardener with this.

We are watching a video on how to sprout a mango seed:

Will seed mango bear fruit

After the seed has germinated and grown, many gardeners have a completely natural question: will such a tree bear fruit? Many argue that they cannot, but in fact they can, although this will take a lot of effort.

The difficulty is due primarily to the fact that the vegetative abilities of a tree are difficult to recreate in an apartment environment. This is precisely the reason for the fact that a plant grown with its own hands will not bear fruit.

In order to correct this problem, it is recommended to graft a branch to the seedling. The latter is easy to get at the nursery.

If the vaccination is successful, flowers will appear already in the third year, which will turn into the first fruits in the fourth month.

If there is no time, or you doubt that it will be possible to vaccinate successfully, it is recommended to simply purchase a tree that has already been grafted and grown in the nursery.

It is not so difficult to grow a mango at home; it is recommended to plant a sprouted seed in a pre-prepared substrate and ensure systematic watering.

The only thing that can cause problems is fruiting, but this is easy to fix with vaccination.


Watch the video: Growing Mango From Seed - Germination To Week 9 (June 2022).


Comments:

  1. Fauzragore

    It is a pity that I will not be able to participate in the discussion now. Very little information. But this topic interests me very much.

  2. Kolby

    Congratulations, very good thought



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