The wide distribution of essential oils is due to the richness of their chemical composition. The use of sage in cooking and medicine is not a rare phenomenon for our time.
- Sage plant: description
- Growing sage in the garden and on the windowsill
- Medicinal properties of the plant
- The use of sage in cooking: taste, with which you can combine
- Fresh sage recipes
- How to make sage tea
- Who is not recommended to consume sage
Sage plant: description
A bright representative of the Yasnotkov family, common on the entire Mediterranean coast. Used in cooking, folk medicine and horticulture.
The most famous species is garden sage, which can be recognized by its characteristic features:
- Average height - 80 cm;
- The shape of the erect stem is weakly expressed tetrahedral, closer to rounded, abundantly branching and pubescent in the upper part;
- The flowering period begins in the first half of summer and lasts throughout the season. The color is predominantly purple;
- Leaves edged, gray-greenish, elongated, which can vary from lanceolate to ovoid. In length they grow up to 10 cm. The presence of petioles in the upper leaves and their complete absence in the lower ones are characteristic;
- The plant is self-infertile and bears fruit only as a result of cross-pollination. Seeds reach in late summer - early autumn;
- The root system is of a fibrous type, can reach significant sizes.
You can meet a flower, both on the territory of personal plots, and in the wild. The plant is hardy and unpretentious.
Growing sage in the garden and on the windowsill
Regardless of where it is grown, the rules for planting and leaving are not very different.
There are several options for seating: by seeds and cuttings, while it is important to consider that:
- Before planting, it is recommended to place the seeds in water for a while or to keep them in wet gauze for some time until they germinate.
- Sprouted seeds can be planted in moist soil to a depth of 5 mm. The first shoots can be seen by the end of the month;
- In this month, it is important to systematically water the plant, to prevent the soil from drying out;
- When planting with cuttings, it is recommended to choose healthy shoots, the length of which has reached at least 10 cm. Before planting, you need to remove all leaves except the top ones and place the cutting in a glass of water so that the cutting takes root after it sprouts - plant it;
- For planting in the garden, it is important to choose well-lit areas that are protected from drafts;
- The soil for planting must be breathable and fertile enough. When grown on a windowsill, it is recommended to use a mixture for succulents;
- Before filling the pot with soil, it is important to lay a layer of expanded clay on its bottom for drainage. It is recommended to give preference to large containers with a capacity of at least a few liters.
In order to activate the tillering process, it is recommended to systematically prune it. At the beginning of summer, it is important not to forget to add organic feeding.
Medicinal properties of the plant
The large amount of essential oils in the foliage of the flower, proteins and fatty oils in the seeds and coumarin at the root has led to its widespread use in traditional and alternative medicine.
Is used for:
- Stopping the spread of inflammatory processes;
- Restoration of hematopoietic function;
- Increasing the secretory function of the gastrointestinal tract;
- Therapy of diseases of the kidneys, liver, gastrointestinal tract;
- Improving the defense of the immune system;
- Prevention of gynecological diseases;
- Therapy for burns, wounds, boils, ulcers and other skin diseases.
The upper parts of the stems, leaves and flowers act as medicinal raw materials for the plant. In this case, only those flowers are used that were grown far from roadways and did not accumulate harmful substances.
The use of sage in cooking: taste, with which you can combine
In cooking, unlike medicine, only dried leaves are used, which are stored in glass jars. It has a tart aroma and specific taste, so it must be used in a strictly metered dose.
As a seasoning, it goes well with vegetables, fish, meat. It is often used as an additive to canned food and drinks. It goes well with spices such as thyme, rosemary, marjoram and oregano.
When used in doses, the seasoning adds a slight specific bitterness to the dish. However, it is important to consider that too much spice can spoil the food.
On the use of sage as a seasoning, watch the video:
Fresh sage recipes
Fresh sage leaves are often used in the preparation of drinks, mousses, and when stewing meat.
The leaves add a specific flavor, making even the most ordinary dish unique:
- Refreshing pear and lime drink - finely chopped lime, mix it in a glass with crushed ice, add pear juice and water. Finally, garnish the drink with sage leaves;
- Stew - fry the meat (chicken legs) over low heat until golden brown, then add sage and rosemary leaves, pour over with vinegar. Simmer the dish for half an hour over low heat until fully cooked.
- Fresh leaves give a more intense flavor to the dish, which significantly distinguishes it from dried. Therefore, it is recommended to use it with caution.
You will learn another recipe for a dish with sage by watching the video:
How to make sage tea
For brewing tea, you can buy sage packaged in sachets or bulk at the pharmacy. In addition, you can independently prepare raw materials: collect the upper leaves and flowers, dry and store in a tightly closed container.
For cooking, it is enough to pour sage with water and drink a cup a day, adding honey, lemon or orange. The latter is especially important, since such tea in its pure form has a bitter taste.
If, for some reason, such tea in its pure form is not to your taste, you can add it to regular tea. This will not diminish its effectiveness.
Who is not recommended to consume sage
As with other medicinal plants, in addition to indications for use, there are also contraindications. So doctors do not recommend drinking sage for more than two months without a break or brewing it too strong.
It is not recommended to consume it at all when:
- The presence of allergies;
- Younger school age and adolescence;
- Acute renal failure;
- Myoma of the uterus;
When drinking tea, it is important to consider that during pregnancy and lactation, the intake should be discontinued. There is a risk of miscarriage or reduced milk supply.
Sage is widely used in medicine and cooking. It is used as a drug for therapy and prevention of diseases, spices to improve the taste of dishes.