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Mulberry tree, what are the benefits of berries and leaves, how to plant and grow mulberries

Mulberry tree, what are the benefits of berries and leaves, how to plant and grow mulberries


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The mulberry tree is familiar to many under the name mulberry. On the territory of Russia and Ukraine, this tree can be found in many courtyards.

The berries are very tasty, like both adults and children.

At first glance, it seems that the mulberry tree grows on its own and does not require maintenance, but this is not the case, there are some cultivation features that are useful for any gardener to know about.

Content:

  • Mulberry tree - description
  • Mulberry red, white, plant varieties
  • Mulberry is a medicinal plant, useful properties of leaves and fruits
  • Application in traditional medicine
  • Is it possible to eat mulberry fruits for pregnant women
  • Mulberry cultivation
  • Breeding features
  • Collection, storage and processing of crops
  • Weeping mulberry in landscape design
  • Interesting facts about the mulberry tree

Mulberry tree - description

The mulberry tree is a tree that belongs to the mulberry family. To date, up to seventeen plant varieties have been bred. The tree belongs to the fast-growing species, the maximum height is 15 meters.

The best growth zone for mulberry trees is a subtropical and warm climate. In such conditions, a tree can live for at least two hundred years, a decorative mulberry tree - from three hundred to five hundred years.

The fruit reaches an average of two to three centimeters in length. The color depends on the variety, and it happens: black, purple, red and white. One hundred grams of fruit contains about 43 kilocalories. The berries are sweet, some have a pleasant sourness.

Mulberry is not transportable, it is almost impossible to keep fresh. Can be eaten dried and fresh, widely used in cooking.

Mulberry red, white, plant varieties

Mulberry has 3 types, each of them is divided into individual varieties.

White has light green leaves, pink and white fruits, some varieties have a dark purple color. This type has a gray thick bark, is frost-resistant.

The following varieties are common.

White tendernessThe berries are large, very tender and juicy. The mulberry is five centimeters long, and the color is white. It is famous for its high yield and long-term fruiting.
LuganochkaThe berries are light pink and cream in color, sugary-sweet, the length of the fruit is more than five centimeters. Productivity is high
Black mulberryThe native land of the tree is Iran. The leaves are dark green, rough. The color of the berries is black and purple. The berries taste sweet and sour, resembling blackberries in shape. This species prefers a warm climate, although there are frost-resistant varieties. Popular varieties:
Black PrinceResistant to drought, the height of the tree is from 10 to 13 meters. This variety does not require pollination and regular watering. The first berries appear the next year after planting. The leaves are oval, dark green in color, the berries are black. Needs regular pruning and shaping
HopeThe variety is medium-sized. The height is ten meters. Pollinated independently. Calmly tolerates hot climate and winds. The main feature is the ability of the fruit to firmly hold ripe on the tree for a long time. Fruits are medium, length - 3 cm

Red mulberry, native to North America. It has a lush crown, thanks to large leaves (leaf length - twelve centimeters).

The berries are sweet with a slight sourness, the color is red, too ripe fruits become black. This species has similarities with blackberries.

One of the varieties is Vladimir pink. The height of the tree is 6 meters, lateral lower shoots are quickly formed on the stem. The berries are bright red, sweet and sour taste.

Each variety has its own pros and cons; before planting them, you need to become familiar with the culture.

Mulberry is a medicinal plant, useful properties of leaves and fruits

Mulberries are very useful for people of any age.

The composition of the fruit includes:

  • organic acids;
  • vitamins, especially ascorbic acid, tocopherol, nicotinamide, carotene, vitamin B and K;
  • micro and macro elements (half of the elements of the periodic table);
  • antioxidants.

Due to this composition, the berry is recommended for therapy against many pathologies, it is used for culinary and cosmetic purposes.

The leaves are also a storehouse of vitamins.

In addition to vitamins, the composition includes:

  • tannins;
  • essential oils;
  • flavonoids;
  • calcium;
  • sugar.

In mulberry foliage, calcium is 2 times more than in milk. Therefore, this product is especially beneficial for people with lactose intolerance.

Also, foliage very well helps with problems with blood vessels and heart, reduces heart rate, normalizes blood pressure.

Due to these properties, many medicines are prepared on the basis of foliage, berries and bark, which are widely used in folk medicine.

We suggest watching a video about the beneficial properties of the plant:

Application in traditional medicine

Decoctions and fresh juice are popularly used to treat:

  • diseases of the oral cavity (for example, stomatitis);
  • sore throats;
  • diseases of the biliary tract;
  • tonsillitis;
  • diseases associated with the gastrointestinal tract: dysbiosis, colitis, loose stools;
  • bronchitis;
  • pneumonia;
  • hypertension.

Infusion based on berries and leaves is very useful for patients with non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus. Take half a glass of the remedy, three times a day.

Mulberry has a good effect on human immunity, has an anthelmintic effect, and eliminates insomnia.

Effectively used to strengthen hair and skin rejuvenation.

Children are advised to use juices or infusions of berries as a remedy for rickets and for the prevention of colds. The infusion tastes good, so children enjoy drinking.

Recently it became known that decoctions effectively help with oncology and brain diseases.

It is important to consult your doctor before treatment.

Is it possible to eat mulberry fruits for pregnant women

Mulberry fruits, due to their composition, not only can but should be consumed during pregnancy. This will have a beneficial effect on the health of the expectant mother and the development of the fetus.

The effect of berries on pregnancy:

  • During the carrying of the baby, the mother's blood circulation accelerates, there is a great need for iron. With a lack of this element, anemia may develop. If mulberry fruits are included in the daily menu, this will not happen.
  • Mulberry fruits allow a pregnant woman to avoid problems with hemorrhoids, constipation, varicose veins, strengthen bone tissue and blood vessels.
  • This product contributes to the correct formation of the fetus, has a positive effect on bone structure and cell division.
  • Berry tea acts as a sedative, has antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effects.

However, there should be a measure in everything, it is recommended to eat a maximum of three hundred grams of berries per day. Otherwise, an allergic reaction may develop in the fetus or mother.

During the period of breastfeeding, caution is important, it is worth observing the reaction and condition of the child and consulting a pediatrician.

Mulberry cultivation

The following guidelines should be observed:

  • There are no special requirements for the choice of soil. The main condition is the acidity of the soil, so that the yield is large, the indicator should not exceed 7 pH.
  • The area should be well lit so that the tree receives a lot of light and heat from the sun.
  • Planting a seedling is carried out in early autumn or spring. At the bottom of the hole, it is worth filling with expanded clay to create a drainage layer. The roots of a young tree are weak and fragile, so the hole must match the size of the root system so that the roots are not injured when planting.
  • After planting the seedling, the soil is pressed down and watered abundantly. The surface of the hole is mulched, for this you can use compost, dry grass or straw. This will allow moisture to linger longer and not evaporate. Organic fertilizers can be applied.
  • It is advisable to establish a support and tie the plant until it gets stronger. You can plant a tree near the fence, pull the wire horizontally so that the tree grows strictly vertically.
  • Water the tree moderately until mid-summer, then stop this procedure. Often, watering is carried out in the summer season, if there is a heat and drought for a long time.
  • The mulberry tree is not susceptible to diseases and attacks of pests, therefore spraying is not carried out.

Frost-resistant varieties need winter shelter. To do this, it is necessary to close the trunk with a rag cloth or other available material.

Small seedlings run up completely, adult trees do not cover, it is enough to insulate the hole.

Let's watch a video on how to grow a mulberry tree:

Breeding features

The mulberry tree propagates by seeds and vegetatively:

  • layering;
  • cuttings;
  • undergrowth;
  • vaccination.

The most effective breeding method is considered to be cuttings. At the end of autumn, you need to cut off the growths from the tree, which is no more than a year old, and make cuttings from them, the length of which is no more than 15 cm (a neat oblique cut is made above the uppermost bud, and then a second oblique cut fifteen centimeters lower).

The lower part of the cutting should be immersed in a growth stimulator for several hours. Then the appendix is ​​dropped into a container with sand for the entire winter. In early spring, when the buds begin to bloom, you can plant the cutting in open ground, only the top of the head, two or three centimeters, should remain on the surface.

The distance between the processes is twenty to thirty centimeters. By the next fall, there should be enough roots on the cuttings for transplanting, the seedling can be planted on a permanent site.

For propagation by grafting, only cultivars are taken, using budding.

Seed propagation is possible, but it takes a lot of time and effort. The main condition in this case is stratified seeds.

The seeds are placed in a cold, humid environment for several weeks or months, this will allow the seed to subsequently adapt safely to open ground.

Sowing begins in early March. The disadvantage of this method is late fruiting, a tree grown from a seed will yield a harvest in the seventh or eighth year of life.

Collection, storage and processing of crops

There is no specific harvest date, as mulberries ripen gradually and are harvested many times. Ripening occurs approximately in mid-May, and lasts until the last days of August, the period depends on the mulberry variety.

You can pick berries by hand or by shaking off the berries, placing a film or cloth under the tree. The collection is recommended to be carried out in the morning in sunny weather.

If the collection was carried out by shaking off, the fruits must be sorted out, separating the berries from branches, leaves and unripe fruits. It is not advised to wash them, as this can injure the delicate skin of the berries.

You can keep food fresh only for several hours, maximum of a day. For further storage, the berries are recommended to be dried, for example, in the fresh air, sprinkling the fruits on a fine wire rack. T

You can also dry them in an oven or dryer (the temperature in the dryer initially is about 35 degrees, after six to eight hours - a maximum of 50 degrees). The dried product is stored in a glass container under a lid.

You can also make delicious jam by adding tangerine or lemon for taste. The zakatka is stored for a long time, it is a good treat in winter.

Weeping mulberry in landscape design

Weeping mulberries are often used for landscaping due to their shape and size. Common mulberry trees reach a height of at least ten meters.

Weeping varieties are low, the maximum height is 3 meters. The branches are thin, but long, hanging neatly, resembling a pussy willow or willow tree from afar.

This tree is used for decoration also for the reason that it remains presentable even in winter. The main thing is to create a beautiful shape using artistic trimming, for example, in the form of a ball. Such trees are often used to domesticate parks.

Interesting facts about the mulberry tree

In fact, there are many facts about mulberry, here are some of them:

  • On a British island, a mulberry tree grows in a monastery, which is more than 900 years old, it is the oldest tree in its family. The size of the crown is more than six hundred square meters.
  • Mulberry wood is used for the production of various musical instruments.
  • In the east, the mulberry tree is considered the tree of life, and the fruit is the queen of berries. There is a tradition that the mulberry symbolizes respect for ancestors and family values, so in many villages it is customary for the whole family to set tables under the tree and have fun.
  • In Cyprus, a silkworm festival is held every year.

So, there are many types of plant, the fruits of which are very beneficial for people of all ages.

Produced decoctions and infusions based on this product help to cure many diseases.

The tree does not require special agrotechnical skills, it multiplies easily and bears a lot of fruit throughout the summer.


Watch the video: How To Propagate Pakistan Mulberry tree from Cuttings. Fast and EASY! (June 2022).


Comments:

  1. Cleobis

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  2. Molmaran

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  3. Ladon

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  4. Bwana

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  5. Wyrttun

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