The healing properties of marigolds have been known to people for a long time. In addition, modern medicine has scientifically confirmed that the medicinal properties of marigolds make it possible to use them for the effective treatment of various ailments.
The hot country of Mexico is the homeland of the black-haired people. Some useful knowledge about marigolds is worth learning and starting to apply them as needed.
- All about marigolds: a brief overview of the plant
- Healing varieties
- What causes the medicinal properties of marigolds
- How are black shavers used to treat eyes
- How marigolds are used for cosmetic purposes
- Slimming application
- How are blackshaves used in cooking?
- Salted marigold recipe
- Contraindications for use
- Marigolds: useful properties for the garden
- How to properly harvest flowers
All about marigolds: a brief overview of the plant
The second name of these flowers is Chernobrivtsy. The flower is a representative of the Aster family, belongs to the Compositae. According to the lifespan, they are annuals or biennial plants.
Suitable for growing in flower beds, gardens, parks, i.e. open air. Quite often, the chernobrivtsi decorate the balconies or terraces of private houses.
The range of colors is surprisingly varied, it covers shades from pale yellow to bright, rich yellow, dark orange, red-brown and to dark wine. You can also find varieties with a monochromatic color of the buds or those where several shades of orange and brown are combined in one bud.
The plant is used in traditional Mexican cuisine, in particular, to prepare the balche drink, in cooking, flowers are used as a seasoning, many traditional medicine recipes contain them in their composition.
After the popularization of the plant throughout the world, it also began to be used not only as an ornamental, but also as a healing one.
Different varieties of marigolds differ significantly in size, can be miniature, dwarf, or occupy much space and be tall, reaching about 1.3 m in height. Inflorescences can also differ significantly in brightness and variegation of color.
Chernobiv residents consider it an ideal plant for a garden, they are unpretentious in care, always have an attractive, bright appearance, in addition:
- flowers are able to take root in unsuitable soil;
- tolerate slight subzero temperatures;
- love warmth;
- grow well next to chrysanthemums.
The most popular types of marigolds are erect, deflected and thin-leaved. On their basis, there are more than 50 varieties in breeding. All varieties of this plant are considered medicinal, therefore, those flowers that grow in your garden can be used for medicinal purposes.
Additionally, you can familiarize yourself with the healing varieties of Chernobrivts:
- African erect (Tagetes erecta) Taishan, Marvel, Prima Gold and others;
- rejected (Tagetes patula) Carmen, Cross, Aluminum, Harmony, Hero, Tiger eyes, Mandarin, Rusty Red, Safari;
- narrow-leaved or Mexican (Tagetes tenuifolia) Lulu, Dwarf, Karina.
In addition to the above varieties, there are many others, but they all have healing properties.
What causes the medicinal properties of marigolds
During the period of growth and development, black shaves accumulate useful substances in all their parts. The plant is famous for its beneficial essential oil. In terms of the number of useful components, marigolds are ahead of many other plants. The healing oil of Chernobrivtsi has an amber-yellow color and a pleasant aroma with oriental-fruity notes.
Aromatic oil possesses:
- antifungal and antimicrobial properties,
- acts as an antiseptic,
- soothes and relieves spasms.
The flower petals contain potassium, phosphorus compounds and copper, selenium, iron and zinc, as well as a low percentage of gold. The vitamin composition is also rich in: C, A, E and rutin and folic acid.
The leaves and stems contain valuable components:
Let's watch an interesting video about the medicinal properties of marigolds:
How are shavers used to treat eyes
According to scientific studies, marigolds are known to improve vision. Such a beneficial effect from bright flowers was proved by a biochemist, phytotherapist and candidate of medical sciences Dina Pavlovna Balyasova.
Marigold flowers are rich in the carotenoid lutein. This substance promotes long-term preservation of vision and protects the retina from free radicals.
To improve the quality of vision, flowers can be consumed fresh, 3-4 inflorescences per day. You can also chop the petals and add them to salads and other dishes as a seasoning. Dry inflorescences should be taken 1 teaspoon per day.
To treat eyes, marigold tincture is prepared. For a start, the flowers are crushed, placed in a glass container. Then it is poured with natural olive oil.
This medicine needs to be insisted for a week in a warm place and sometimes shake the bottle. When the tincture is ready, strain it and refrigerate. Marigold oil is taken 1 teaspoon per day, before meals.
Blacksmiths for the treatment of eyes, pancreas, and other organs, watch the video:
How marigolds are used for cosmetic purposes
Marigold essential oil and flower infusion in olive oil are used as anti-aging agents. The oil can soften the rough skin of the knees, elbows, heels. You can make the oil yourself or buy it at the pharmacy. It should be smeared 2 times a day on problem areas of the skin.
To improve the complexion, make the skin matte and smooth, you can use a lotion based on these bright inflorescences. In order to make such a tonic, you will need 1 teaspoon of lemon juice, an infusion of marigolds and one spoonful of vodka. Mix these ingredients and leave for 12 hours. It is advisable to wipe the skin of the face and décolleté with such a means every morning.
Also, from the inflorescences of this plant, you can make decoctions for rinsing hair, baths for the skin of the face, hands and feet. Despite the fact that the spectrum of action of products with marigold extract is versatile, the effect is not long in coming.
The use of marigolds for weight loss
Marigolds are usually not included in various diets, but this plant can be used as a weight loss aid.
Inflorescences are capable of:
- improve the functioning of the digestive system;
- have a diuretic effect;
- help get rid of edema;
- improve metabolism.
If there are no individual contraindications to this plant, then you can safely add it to your diet. In order to speed up the metabolism and remove excess water from the body, you can pour 2 teaspoons of marigolds with 1 glass of boiling water, leave for 1 hour and strain through a sieve.
You need to drink a drink of izarhattsev 3-4 tablespoons before meals, 4-5 times a day.
How are blackshaves used in cooking?
People have been adding marigolds to food since ancient times. Europe took an example from Mexico, or rather from the Aztecs, who used this plant as a seasoning and made cold tea from inflorescences. A couple of petals are enough for a salad, meat, fish or vegetable dish to be filled with a new taste and an unforgettable aroma.
In Georgia, the spice Imeretian saffron is popular in the composition of which inflorescences are marigolds. Narrow-leaved or small varieties are dried, ground into powder and added to Georgian national dishes.
Marigold flowers are absolutely safe, edible and non-poisonous. They can be cooked as a separate dish, such as salted or pickled.
Salted marigold recipe
Such unusual pickles can be combined with different dishes. Also sometimes marigolds are salted together with saucumbers, tomatoes and zucchini.
For cooking you will need:
- 1 kilogram of fresh inflorescences;
- 0.5 liters of water;
- 60 grams of table salt.
- Boil water and add salt to it.
- Stir until completely dissolved.
- Pour inflorescences with brine.
- Simmer for 5 minutes.
- Arrange salted marigolds in jars, fill them with brine and seal with lids.
This unusual pickle can become one of the main snacks at a feast, because it not only looks bright and appetizing, but is also extremely useful. It can also be added to soups, stews, and other dishes.
Contraindications for use
If you use marigolds as a seasoning or for medicinal purposes, then it is unlikely that it can harm the body.
But there are always exceptions to the rules, so people should use this flower with caution:
- children under the age of two;
- women during pregnancy and lactation.
Rarely, but still some people have an intolerance to the essential oil contained in this plant.
Also, during pregnancy, the female body may react negatively to taking tincture or seasoning from marigolds, therefore it is recommended to consult a doctor before taking this medicinal plant.
Marigolds: useful properties for the garden
Blackhair essential oil is a natural insecticide and fungicide. The aroma of this plant scares off pests who are not averse to eating vegetables. To prevent the attack of pests, such as the Colorado potato beetle, aphids, a bear, it is enough to plant flower beds with marigolds around the perimeter of the garden.
Flowers also help reduce the risk of weeds. In the roots of marigolds there is a substance thiophene. It scares off weeds. In order to prevent the appearance of garden purslane, horsetail and creeping wheatgrass, you can plant a black shave on the site.
Additionally, the roots of these flowers disinfect the soil and disinfect it from various fungi and mold.
How to properly harvest flowers
Imeretian saffron can be made independently, it is enough to dry the inflorescences of marigolds and finely grind them in a mortar or mill. The plant can be dried by hanging it on a string or spreading it out on a newspaper.
In addition to drying marigolds, you can make a tincture with alcohol, marigold oil and vinegar from petals. All parts of the plant are used to make vinegar. Marigold tinctures have a spicy manis aroma with notes of cinnamon and lemon.
Until now, new properties of marigolds continue to be discovered in medicine, cosmetology and quackery. It is difficult to imagine, but this plant is useful in everyday life because it can replace many medicines and cosmetic products.