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What does dracaena marginata look like, plant care, reproduction and transplantation


Many people use indoor flowers to create home comfort and decorate the room. In this case, the dracaena flower is perfect.

This ornamental plant grows in nature as a shrub or tree, in indoor conditions it resembles a miniature palm, the main thing for dracaena marginate is care, it is important that it be regular and correct.

Content:

  • Description of the plant, species
  • Dracaena marginata: care after purchase
  • Transplant: selection of soil and pot
  • Watering and feeding
  • Lighting
  • Optimum content temperature
  • Organization of wintering
  • Reproduction of dracaena marginates
  • What are the signs associated with the plant

Description of the plant, species

This plant comes from the Asparagus family and is considered an evergreen flower. The trunk is smooth, woody.

The foliage is straight, narrow and long, it is thanks to this shape that the plant resembles a palm tree. The leaves grow abundantly, while they are very thin, they are easily damaged during transplantation or transportation.

The color of the leaves is different: dark green, light green, there are stripes with a pink and white tint. The buds are very fragrant, creamy or white in color. Dracaena rarely blooms with home care, sometimes it may not bloom even once.

The stem grows slowly, up to about ten centimeters in a year.

Very useful, as the leaves purify the air in the room, ridding it of formaldehyde, ammonia and benzene

There are many types, here are the most common

Fragrant

During flowering, the peduncle grows in length by a meter. The buds have a rich aroma, hence the name - fragrant.

The stem of the flower is thick, so you definitely need a support for stability.

The leaves have different shapes and colors, sometimes they are monochromatic, in other cases there are stripes and variegation.

Marginata

The second name of the species is Bordered. The name is derived from the appearance of the sheet plate. It has contrasting piping around the edges.

This type is the most common, perfect for residential buildings and office premises. The foliage is sharp, green, the stem is slender.

Godzefa

The second name is surculosis. The peculiarity of the plant is that young shoots grow from the ground, and not from the stem. The shape resembles an ornamental shrub. The plant curls strongly.

The inflorescences are yellow-green in color. There are clearly pronounced spots on the foliage.

SanderThis species resembles bamboo in shape. However, unlike bamboo, the flower is very small, with a maximum height of 1 meter. The stalk is fragile and thin, foliage grows densely. There are silver and white streaks on the leaves.

Each species is attractive in its own way, while the care is the same.

Dracaena marginata: care after purchase

It is necessary to care for the dracaena throughout its life, it is important to pay special attention to the flower after purchasing it in a flower shop.

The plant is difficult to adapt, therefore favorable conditions are created for it.

Place the flowerpot in a cool, well-ventilated area with no other indoor flowers. During this period, it is important that the sun does not fall on the flower.

Watering is carried out in moderation. The soil should be slightly moistened, this will allow you to notice in time insects that could start on the plant.

The adaptation takes about fourteen days. After the indicated period, the plant is placed in a prepared place, taking into account the temperature regime and lighting in advance. The correct selection of a flowerpot and soil is important.

If you create all the necessary conditions for a flower, it will not hurt, and will quickly adapt to a new place, perhaps in the future it will bloom.

Let's watch a video about what kind of care Dracaena arginata requires:

Transplant: selection of soil and pot

Every year it is necessary to transplant the plant at a young age, a mature flower needs to be transplanted every three years, the old ones can not be transplanted at all, but only the top layer of the soil can be replaced.

The transplant process includes several stages:

  • Gently take the dracaena out of the pot, and clean the roots from the ground. It is important to take into account that all parts of the plant are fragile, including the roots, therefore, the extraction is carried out by the transfer method.
  • Pick up the necessary flowerpot. The pot should be ceramic, three centimeters larger and taller than the previous container. The flowerpot will increase every year.
  • The soil used is soil specially designed for ornamental palms. Initially, a drainage layer is poured into the flowerpots, vermiculite, expanded clay or pebbles are used as drainage. Then the purchased land is poured; to create looseness, you can mix the soil with charcoal or crushed brick chips. This combination will avoid rotting of the root system.
  • Now the plant is planted in the soil, covered with the remaining soil and watered.

Watering is repeated every week and substances for active growth are simultaneously introduced. You can use the stimulant Kornevin or Epin. As soon as the flower takes root and begins to actively grow, feeding stops.

We watch a video about a dracaena transplant:

Watering and feeding

Dracaena does not tolerate an excess of moisture, this will lead to rotting of the root system, and to the death of the plant.

Watering should be moderate and gentle. To do this, use a special watering can with a scattering nozzle. The water should be warm, ideally melted water is used.

In the summer season, they are watered regularly and often; in extreme heat, it is important to spray the leaves with water. Drying the soil is performed monthly, allowing the soil to dry a couple of centimeters.

In winter, the flower is watered less often. It is important to observe the soil and not allow it to dry up to three centimeters deep.

Dracaena needs fertilizers during a period of growth and adaptation. In this case, the substances are introduced once a week or every fourteen days. In cold weather, the flower is fed, depending on how you feel, usually feeding is carried out in winter once every thirty days.

Lighting

Dracaena must be protected from ultraviolet radiation. Use diffused light as lighting. If you have a variegated variety, then this flower is not afraid of sunlight.

This plant should not be placed on a windowsill from the sunny side. It is best to place the flowerpot in the middle of the room. In the summer, you can take the flower to the balcony or garden, creating shade protection for it.

Artificial light is also suitable as lighting, it is especially effective in winter.

By observing the condition of the foliage, you can determine whether or not there is enough light for your plant. If the foliage begins to brighten, and the sprouts begin to stretch up or towards the window, then there is not enough light. In this case, move the flowerpot closer to the light, or additionally create artificial lighting.

Optimum content temperature

The flower is thermophilic, it can easily endure even hot periods, but dies at low temperatures.

The optimum temperature for growth and flowering in summer is +29 degrees, in winter +15 degrees.

Organization of wintering

It is necessary to create favorable conditions during the winter period so that the flower is comfortable.

Although the plant is thermophilic, it should not exceed the temperature of +16 degrees in winter. Otherwise, the hot air will dry out the soil and foliage. If the owner loves to heat the room strongly in winter, it is worth installing a dracaena in the room where the heat reaches the least.

If the flower is on a window, insulate the window sill and windows to avoid condensation. Ideally, place the flowerpot on a stand or shelf, away from batteries.

Watering the plant in winter is extremely rare. If moisture has accumulated in the pan, it is important to drain it. To act on the principle - it is better to water less than to pour. Root decay is possible due to excess moisture, it is much more difficult to deal with this than with overdrying the soil.
During the wintering period, completely abandon feeding.

Reproduction of dracaena marginates

Dracaena reproduces in three ways:

  • seeds;
  • cuttings;
  • layering.

Let's take a closer look at each method.

Seeds

This technique is the most difficult, as it is necessary to properly prepare the seed. The seeds need to be peeled, and then soaked in a growth stimulator for fifteen minutes.

The material is now dried and planted in moist soil. Cover the ground with foil or use a greenhouse.

For germination, it is necessary to observe the temperature regime, about twenty-five degrees. Periodically open the foil for ventilation. In a month, sprouts will begin to appear, picking and transplanting are carried out.

LayersA sketch is made on the layering, in the part where the roots should appear in the future. An incision is made across the layering, and a match is inserted. Then this place needs to be wrapped in sphagnum and film. When the root begins to germinate, the cuttings are cut off and transplanted into the ground.
Cuttings

Reproduction by this method is carried out in the spring, during pruning.

Cut the cuttings into lengths of five to seven centimeters. Treat the cut sites with an antiseptic, then dry and treat with growth stimulants.

Now plant the cuttings in the ground, cover with foil and control the humidity and temperature.

In a month, new shoots and roots will appear, you can remove the film.

The last method is the simplest and most effective one.

What are the signs associated with the plant

There are different beliefs:

  • Dracaena is considered the flower of happiness, as it eliminates negative energy and contributes to material abundance.
  • Esotericists claim that the plant allows a person to get rid of deep emotional turmoil and depression, taking all the negativity for himself.
  • For a long time, it was believed that if a dracaena grows in a house where one person lives, then soon the owner will expect family well-being.
  • Dracaena is called a flower-peacemaker, as its energy promotes harmony, eliminates all troubles and conflicts in the family.

Believe it or not, it's up to you. These are only assumptions and unverified statements.

So, dracaena marginata is a very beautiful ornamental plant. However, this culture requires special care, proper lighting, temperature and watering. If you create optimal conditions, then the plant will delight the eye for many years.


Watch the video: Dracaena Marginata Cuttings Root Easily In Water: Heres How To Keep Them Healthy (December 2021).