Today, many decorate their home with fresh flowers, using various types and varieties for this. Potted chrysanthemum is very popular.
In order for a flower to always delight its owner with its beauty, it is important to know how to care for it, what to avoid and not allow. Let's figure it out now.
- Potted chrysanthemum - what varieties can be grown, description, photo
- If you gave a chrysanthemum in a pot - how to care for it, care after purchase
- Is it necessary and how to pinch a chrysanthemum in a pot
- How to cut a bush correctly
- What to do if chrysanthemum does not bloom
- What to do if a potted chrysanthemum withers, how to reanimate
- Features of care after flowering
- Storing plants in winter
Potted chrysanthemum - what varieties can be grown, description, photo
The growth of a chrysanthemum does not exceed seventy centimeters, the minimum height is fifteen centimeters. Flowers are small, or vice versa, large, it all depends on the type and variety.
The same can be said about the colors of the buds, they are so diverse that it is difficult to name all the colors. Chrysanthemums can be divided into two types: mulberry and Chinese.
- Charm. This species has the shape of a hat or a basket, the palettes of paints are multifaceted.
- Variety Minimum - bush dwarf flowers, maximum height - twenty centimeters.
- Cascade - small ampelous chrysanthemums.
- Indian variety: "Helen", "Snow Elf", "Altgold", "Aurora". These flowers are actively planted in winter gardens, greenhouses or at home, on glazed balconies or window sills.
- Korean ball-shaped, this includes varieties: Navare, Orange Jam and Stella. In shape, the inflorescences resemble beautiful balls, hence the name, spherical chrysanthemums.
Each owner or hostess must independently choose a variety, because each of them differs in the size of flowers, bushes, color and shape. But the care for everyone is the same.
If you gave a chrysanthemum in a pot - how to care for it, care after purchase
After purchasing a houseplant, it is important to leave it for a short period of time to adapt.
The flowerpot should be placed on a windowsill where there is enough light, but the flower should be protected from direct ultraviolet rays. For 14 days, he is in complete rest, watering is carried out if necessary. Do not worry if the flowers dry out a little or the leaves fall off, during the adaptation period this is normal.
After a specified period, the flower can be transplanted; for transplanting, it is better to use special soil with the addition of peat. Transplanting is not carried out if the plant is blooming, in which case you need to wait until the flowering period ends.
For the procedure, use a flowerpot a few centimeters deeper and wider than the previous one.
New soil, even purchased, must be disinfected with boiling water or a solution of potassium permanganate. The soil is used when it dries up.
It is important not to forget to drain. Then fill it with nutrient mixture. The transplant is carried out by transferring from a flowerpot to a new pot.
It is good to water the plant a day before transshipment. Constantly monitor the condition of the land. Do not allow the soil to dry out or flood. Watering is carried out approximately twice a week. Separated water is used. If there is excess water in the pan, it must be discarded. If the room is not hot, then it is enough to water the chrysanthemum once every 7 days.
Lighting plays an important role. The flower loves light, with a lack of it, this will negatively affect the duration of flowering and the number of buds.
Temperature conditions. The ideal temperature is 15 degrees. It is impossible for the temperature to exceed 18 degrees in the room where the plant grows, otherwise problems with the growth and appearance of the flower will begin.
The last step is feeding. After purchase, you do not need to introduce fertilizer for a month. In the future, an adult flower needs feeding before the formation of buds and after winter dormancy. Organic and mineral substances are used as fertilizer: potassium and magnesium.
Now it's worth thinking about pruning and propagating a flower.
Is it necessary and how to pinch a chrysanthemum in a pot
Pinching is mandatory. This manipulation does not allow the plant to stretch, but contributes to the creation of a beautiful shape and growth in width.
Pinching of the top is performed once in the spring, and several times in early summer. The last procedure is performed a few weeks before the opening of the buds, this approximately falls on the last days of August. In this case, the flower directs all its forces not to growth, but to flowering.
How to properly cut a bush
Pruning is done for two purposes:
- To form a bush. In this case, it is necessary to remove the crown and slow down the growth of the chrysanthemum. With a sharp tool, pruner or knife, the upper part is cut off, on which there are up to 4 leaves. Thanks to this, the root system will be strengthened, and lateral shoots will grow. This procedure is carried out 15 days (at least ten) after the transplant. At the end of the pruning, the chrysanthemum is watered with a nitrogen agent. If the manipulation went right, then on the fourteenth, maximum twenty-first day, new shoots should appear.
- Prepare the flower for winter rest. In this case, the stem is cut off as much as possible, no more than 10 cm is left. The plant is examined to find damaged or diseased branches, if necessary, they must be removed. Thanks to high-quality pruning, the chrysanthemum will rest, and this will contribute to good flowering and growth in the future. After the procedure, the flowerpot is placed in a cool room until March.
It is recommended to use a tool processed in potassium permanganate for trimming and avoid sudden movements.
What to do if chrysanthemum does not bloom
If the flower is healthy, then the buds will definitely appear in the fall. If this did not happen, then errors were made during the exit.
- lack of light. It is important that the plant receives the right amount of light for at least seven hours a day;
- untimely trimming or pinching;
- lack of fertilizers, first of all, this indicates a lack of potassium and phosphorus.
If all problems are eliminated and care is normalized, the chrysanthemum will begin to bloom as before.
What to do if a potted chrysanthemum withers, how to reanimate
If the foliage or buds began to wither, then this indicates excessive watering, high air temperature, or an attack by pests.
If, after a full check, no errors were found during leaving, then the flower must be completely dug out to see the state of the root system. If rot is found, all damaged roots should be removed, and the plant should be transplanted into a new flowerpot with good, fertilized soil. After transplanting, do not water the flower for a couple of days.
Features of care after flowering
After resetting all flowers and the end of the flowering period, it is important to cut the flower so that only stumps remain, 5, maximum 10 cm high. This will help the chrysanthemum to recover as much as possible during the dormant period. Leave the flowerpot in a room where the temperature is not higher than plus 2 degrees, but not less than -3 degrees.
During this period, you should not introduce top dressing and fertilize the soil. After flowering, the flower is watered once every 2 weeks.
When new shoots appear, transplant the plant into a new pot and return to its original place.
For beginners, it is better to use the division method for breeding. During the transplant period, the bush is divided and transplanted into different flowerpots. If the roots were injured during the procedure, they must be treated with crushed coal before planting.
The second breeding method is cuttings. Green cuttings are taken, the length of which is no more than 10 cm. You can put the cuttings in water or bury them directly in the ground. In both cases, it is necessary to tear off all the lower leaves.
If you have chosen rooting in water, then a pot transplant can be carried out when the roots grow up to 4 cm, as much as possible.
If the second method was used, rooting in the ground, then the cutting is closed from above with a glass jar or covered with a plastic bag.
The bag or jar is opened daily to ventilate the soil and scion. When the condition of the leaves and the stem is restored, it means that the roots have strengthened and the film can be removed. To accelerate the growth of the cutting, the tip is pinched.
Storing plants in winter
You can store it under the following conditions:
- In the basement. Before sending the flower to the basement, you need to remove all damaged flowers and twigs, and carry out pruning. Watering in a few days.
- At the entrance or on the veranda. It is desirable that the temperature is not lower than -3, so that the plant does not freeze. Watering is carried out extremely rarely, it is necessary to observe that the soil does not dry out with a depth of two fingers. Watering is carried out approximately once every 30 days.
- On the windowsill of the house. This option is possible if there is no cool room. You should cut the flower, leaving no more than 5 centimeters, and monitor its condition throughout the winter.
So, chrysanthemum is a beautiful house plant that requires special attention and care. If you follow all the recommendations, the flower will delight the owner for a long time with its irresistible buds.