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Among all the variety of succulents, a rather remarkable niche is occupied by a bent sedum.
An extremely unpretentious, but beautiful plant will decorate any flower bed and will look appropriate in any design.
- Sedum bent: photo and description of the plant
- Where it is distributed, where it comes from
- Stonecrop lifespan, is it easy to grow a plant
- The most popular and common sedum varieties
- Stonecrop propagation
- Reclined sedum: fit and proper care
- Frost resistance, is it necessary to organize a shelter for the winter
Sedum bent: photo and description of the plant
Sedum or sedum is a perennial, undemanding to care, accumulating the bulk of water in leaf tissues. The name of the plant comes from the Latin for "sit".
This representative belongs to the Tolstyankov family, retaining the characteristic features of the representatives of the family. A characteristic feature of this representative is a developed creeping rhizome, which allows it to capture large areas in record time.
Outwardly recognizable by the lanceolate, pointed upward, yellowish leaves and small flowers that appear in early to mid-summer. After flowering, yellowish straight fruits with small seeds are formed.
Interestingly, the young shoots, before flowering, can be used in cooking. They are distinguished by a spicy sour taste and perfectly complement the first course.
Where it is distributed, where it comes from
The birthplace of sedum is considered to be Central Europe, an area with sandy and stony soils. In its natural environment, it is widespread almost throughout Europe, the Far East, Japan, China, Korea, Siberia, Mongolia and the Caucasus.
It is grown at home in many regions, taking root in the most unfavorable conditions. Bright sunlight is enough to grow it. It grows so well in dry meadows, forest clearings, forest edges and railroad embankments.
It is also found in fields, where it is better known as a weed. Spreading rapidly, sedum covers large areas and it is quite difficult to remove it, which does not add to its popularity among farmers.
Stonecrop lifespan, is it easy to grow a plant
Sedum can grow on almost any soil, even unfavorable rocky and stony ones. It grows quite simply, as the flower quickly takes root and spreads through the garden, forming whole green carpets.
It tolerates a lack of moisture without problems, grows well in the sun, needs periodic loosening of the soil. It is noteworthy that where this flower grows, weeds practically do not grow. This secret is explained quite simply - the substances that sedum releases into the soil simply destroy the weeds.
Among the varieties of sedum, there are both annual and perennial. The latter are recommended to be transplanted every three to four years to rejuvenate them.
The most popular and common sedum varieties
There are a large number of the most diverse varieties of stonecrop, which differ in appearance and growing conditions.
The most notable are:
- Rocky - herbaceous perennial, not exceeding 25 cm in height with shoots up to 15 cm long. Leaves are linear-subulate, bluish or greenish in color, sometimes acquiring a red tint. In early to mid-summer, it blooms with umbrella-shaped inflorescences of a rich yellow color, which last for three weeks. In its natural environment, it is distributed in Europe and the North Caucasus;
- Scallop - differs in a modified stem, which has acquired the appearance of a fleshy body, reminiscent of a rooster's comb. Externally, the stem is covered with small soft leaves in the form of needles, which makes the variety very different from other representatives of sedums;
- Kamchatka - differs in simple, ascending stems, covered with opposite or alternate leaves. Stonecrop rhizome, as it grows, can become woody. The plant grows well both in the sun and in partial shade. In nature, it is distributed in the territory of Korea, the Far East and Japan;
- False is a perennial herb with creeping rhizomes found in subalpine meadows and rocky slopes in Iran, Turkey and the Caucasus. Recognizable by the luscious, rich green foliage of an egg-shaped shape. It is a hardy plant, common in landscape gardening design due to its rich foliage and scarlet or pink flowers. Used for planting in mixborders, carpet beds and terraces.
There are a myriad of noteworthy varieties that can be found or used in garden design. They are unpretentious and will look original on a flower bed.
Let's watch a video about the varieties of stonecrop bent:
There are three ways sedum propagates. Not all are suitable for home gardening, which is important to consider when growing and breeding this species in a garden plot.
Growing from seeds
Since sedum is a cross-pollinated plant, seedlings will not retain varietal traits. Therefore, this method is used primarily in selective breeding.
Without the necessary skill and knowledge, it is hardly possible to grow sedum from a seedling on your own, so you should not waste time in vain.
The simplest breeding method available to everyone. It is enough just to sprinkle an adult shoot with soil in one place so that the aerial roots developed on each shoot take root.
After that, it is enough to dig out the resulting shoot and transplant it to a new place, if there is such a desire, or leave it in place for further growth.
By dividing the bush
Large varieties or overgrown flowers can be propagated by dividing the rhizomes. So in the spring it is necessary to dig out a bush and cut the root so that each of the parts has a part of the roots. Plant and water the resulting parts to stimulate growth in a new place.
Reclined sedum: fit and proper care
Despite the fact that the plant is quite unpretentious, it is important to take into account a number of some nuances when planting.
These conventions will help to avoid possible minor troubles:
- Despite the fact that this light-loving species tolerates slight shading well, a strong lack of light can lead to stretching of the shoots. In addition, in conditions of insufficient lighting, flowering ceases. Thus, it is important to place the flowers so that in the spring they are not covered with leaves, since in the spring it is quite difficult for sedum sprouts to break through the layer of dead foliage. If this happens, it is recommended to remove the litter with the first warming before the start of sedum germination, so that the sprouts can break through;
- Sedum tolerates a lack of moisture well, but needs moderate watering for normal growth and development;
- It is recommended to transplant the plant to a new place every four to five years. This will ensure the active and lush growth of the flower in new conditions;
- The sedum grows well on any soil, however, if ash and compost are applied in small quantities before direct planting, the plant will bloom brighter and more abundantly;
- Once every six years, some stonecrops are recommended to be rejuvenated - to completely remove all old shoots to activate the growth of new shoots and improve the general condition of the flower;
- When sedum will bloom, it is recommended to systematically cut off inflorescences that have already faded. This will help preserve the beauty of the green carpet and improve the health of new flowers.
Since Sedum belongs to succulents and is a fairly unpretentious plant, planting and caring for it does not require any special waste of time or excessive effort. It is enough to pay a minimum of attention so that the green carpet in the garden looks as aesthetically pleasing and fresh as possible.
Let's watch a video about the cultivation of stonecrop:
Frost resistance, is it necessary to organize a shelter for the winter
The sedum plant belongs to winter-hardy plants, however, it is recommended to cut off the shoots for the winter, leaving no more than 4 cm above the ground.
The removed cuttings should not be thrown away - they should be put in water and after a while, after the roots have formed, they should be planted in a pot. So the green carpet will delight the eye in the winter season.
Winter pruning is not considered mandatory, but if it is not carried out, during the cold period, sedum will lose its attractiveness, darken and in the spring it will still have to be pruned.
However, it is important to take into account that with the onset of spring heat, it is imperative to remove the layer of debris that will accumulate at the place where the sedum grows so that it can germinate.
Despite the frost resistance of plants, pruning and shelter will not be superfluous. This will help to get a fresh and beautiful plant in the spring without frostbite sprouts.
Sedum retracted is an aesthetic and unpretentious plant, common in garden design due to its ease of care and growth rate. Winter hardy, fast growing, this flower will quickly spread out as a green carpet in any flower bed.