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Among all the variety of flowers that can be purchased, chrysanthemums occupy a special place.
One of the most remarkable can rightly be called such a species as chrysanthemum santini with all the variety of its varieties.
- Chrysanthemum santini: description and photo
- Catalog, plant varieties: yin-yang, browsers, chrissy, country, doria
- Breeding features
- Care features
- Diseases common in chrysanthemums and the fight against them
Chrysanthemum santini: description and photo
For the first time this stunted species of chrysanthemum appeared thirty years ago.
The plant does not differ in growth height and large inflorescences, it is grown mainly for subsequent cutting. In gardens, it is often planted as a decor for borders.
The characteristic features of the species include:
- Small, up to 5 cm in diameter, flowers. Up to thirty pieces can be located on one branch;
- Depending on the variety, the buds may differ in appearance;
- Often, flowers have different shades of the core and petals. So there are white, pink and even green petals with a yellow or black core;
- The shape of the flowers differs depending on the variety. May resemble a chamomile, a ball with double or semi-double petals;
- The foliage shape varies from very narrow to more astro-like;
- The bush has a branched structure.
Santini perfectly tolerates winter cold, but in especially harsh winters, this perennial needs shelter. The plant is unpretentious, however, it is periodically recommended to prune the bushes to form them.
Catalog, plant varieties: yin-yang, browsers, chrissy, country, doria
Currently, there are more than a hundred varieties of santini, which differ in size, shade, petal shape.
The most popular varieties are those listed in table 1.
|Chrysanthemum santini variety||Description and characteristics|
|Doria||A spherical variety with green hearts and purple-tinged pink petals;|
|Browser||Outwardly resembles a chamomile because of the snow-white petals and yellowish-green core|
|Yin Yang||The heart of this variety is presented in a dark purple tone, the petals are snow-white|
|Country||You can recognize the variety by the amazing, juicy green color of lush flowers in the shape of a hemisphere|
|Chrissy||Differs in a pink shade of petals with a yellowish-green core and small buds|
Despite the fact that these are varieties of the same plant, they are strikingly different from each other.
In this variety, it is simply impossible not to find something that suits your taste.
Since this species was bred in a hybrid way, it is possible to preserve the specific features only during vegetative propagation by cuttings or dividing the bush.
For grafting you need:
- Cut off the cuttings and place in a container with moistened soil or nutrient mixture;
- Provide a stable temperature of 20-22? C and a stable humidity of 80% for a week;
- Do not forget to water systematically to speed up rooting;
- When roots are formed, plant them in open ground.
Another breeding method is to mechanically divide the bush. To carry out the procedure, you need to dig out the bush during flowering and, using a sharp knife, divide the rhizomes into parts.
It is recommended to transplant immediately into the ground.
There are other methods of propagation, however, only the vegetative method guarantees the preservation of varietal characteristics. In addition, these are the simplest breeding methods.
Let's see a useful video about the propagation of chrysanthemums by cuttings:
Despite the fact that these are frost-resistant plants, it is recommended to plant them after the final retreat of frost.
The optimal time for disembarkation is May. Before you start preparing the site, you need to make sure that the soil on it is loose and there is no stagnation of water on it, which could lead to rotting of the root system. Ideally, the soil should have a high level of fertility.
Before direct planting, it is recommended to thoroughly loosen the soil, fertilize it with organic matter. And ideally it is worth providing a drainage layer, especially if the ground is excessively watery.
As a drainage layer, which must be placed in the holes at a depth of 45 cm, you can use fragments of ceramics, pebbles or broken brick.
On top of the drainage layer, it is necessary to place a layer of soil on which the plant will be located.
In addition to the soil, it is important to pay attention to lighting.
So, for the ideal development of chrysanthemums, daylight hours should last from 14 to 18 hours. Given this fact, it is not recommended to plant them in shaded areas, the plants need a sufficient amount of light energy.
In addition to light, it is important to pay special attention to the air temperature. In an open area, it is important to select locations that are protected from drafts.
Lush bloom can only be expected with sufficient heat.
In addition, you should not forget about watering, since santinis are very fond of moisture.
So watering should be:
- Moderate, but constant, every two to three days;
- Abundant watering can be only within two days after direct planting in open ground for quick rooting;
- It is recommended to reduce the frequency and volume of watering during the budding period;
- It is important in no case to prevent stagnation of water. This negatively affects the condition of the root, causes the formation of rot and increases the risk of subsequent death.
Another important detail that must not be forgotten is top dressing.
To support the health and normal development of santini, it is necessary to introduce:
- Potassium - with the formation of foliage;
- Saltpeter of the ammonia type during the formation of the first leaves, stem and root system;
- Mixes with potassium and phosphorus during flower formation.
After the petals acquire color, you should not add any additional fertilizing. In some cases, with proper care, the bushes do not even need to be cut, they themselves form a rather spectacular shape.
Despite the fact that chrysanthemums are quite winter-hardy representatives of the flora, in regions with frosty winters, it is recommended to cover them. For this, you can use a layer of spruce branches or mulch.
In some cases, bushes can be planted in pots and placed indoors for subsequent planting in open ground.
Santini chrysanthemums are not capricious and do not need complicated care procedures. When the minimum rules are followed, the abundant flowering and lush growth of this small shrub will not keep you waiting.
Let's watch a video about the features of caring for santini chrysanthemums:
Diseases common in chrysanthemums and the fight against them
Santini is a resilient plant with a high level of immune defense. However, even in spite of this, the chrysanthemum suffers from both pest attacks and lesions.
Common problems that gardeners may face when caring for santini are listed in table 2.
|Problem||Causes of occurrence||How to fix the situation|
|Pests (aphids, miner flies, slugs)|
If a flower is found to be damaged by pests, it is recommended to immediately destroy the damaged areas, and treat the bush itself with insecticides.
Ideally, it is recommended to replace the topsoil or transplant the bush to a new location.
|Rotting root||Develops as a result of stagnant water in the soil||To prevent the development of this pathology, it is recommended to regulate watering and, before direct planting, lay a drainage layer|
|Fungal-type infections||Developed as a result of insufficient air permeability, an excess of nitrogen or a high degree of acidity||You can cope with the problem by treating the affected specimen with fungicides|
In order to prevent the development of such problems, it is recommended to systematically process santini. So two treatments per season with special protective equipment will be enough.
Santini is a type of chrysanthemum that unites a large number of varieties of the most diverse in shape. In addition to aesthetics, it is characterized by winter hardiness and unpretentiousness.