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Most houseplants do not please the owners with paints in winter.
But the indoor flower cyclamen is not included in their ranks and, in the middle of a harsh winter outside the window, it may well give people the joy of seeing colorful and delicate buds.
- Indoor flower cyclamen, description and photo
- Plant species
- The meaning of the flower that symbolizes
- Cyclamen care: watering, feeding, lighting
- When and how to replant, soil requirements
- Do I need a transplant after purchase
- Content of Persian cyclamen during the dormant period
- Breeding methods, growing from seeds
Indoor flower cyclamen, description and photo
Cyclamen (another name for dryakva) is a perennial herbaceous representative of the Primroses family native to the North-East part of Africa, the shores of the Mediterranean Sea and Asia.
Depending on the place of distribution in the wild, it is subdivided into a number of species that equally hibernate under adverse environmental conditions.
This often misleads the owners, who can take a dormant plant for dead and throw it away.
Other salient features include:
- In the wild, it prefers foothill regions with a mild climate and freezing temperatures in winter;
- It does not grow in height above 30 cm. If the plant is young, it does not exceed 10 cm at all;
- The size, shape of leaves and buds depend on the variety and age;
- The average life expectancy is 30 years. With age, the crown of the duck becomes more luxuriant. At the same time, the number of shades increases with decreasing sizes.
When grown in apartment conditions, especially lush flowering pleases in the cold season. Bright, delicate buds and unusual foliage make cyclamen an ideal gift for the winter holidays.
It is difficult to single out the most beautiful or remarkable among the variety of species of dryaks.
All of them are good in their own way, but those indicated in the table belong to the most common types.
|Name||The main differences and features of the variety|
It differs from fellow dryaks in the angle of the petals (90 degrees instead of the usual 180). At the same time, they are slightly twisted and resemble a propeller.
The color range ranges from pale pink to carmine pink.
Alpine is known for its delicate aroma reminiscent of honey;
The homeland of these delicate plants is the eastern part of Africa.
The foliage is silvery green, heart-shaped, growing directly from the tuber.
The color of the buds can vary from deep pink to pale.
The species is thermophilic, but it tolerates heat as badly as frost
It is found in shaded, humid places along the coast of Turkey, Rhodes, Cyprus and Crete.
The shape of the foliage of the Greek type can be either heart-shaped or oval, dark green or grayish in color.
The buds of this representative appear before the foliage.
Typically colored light pink or carmine pink
|European or blushing|
Found in the center of Europe.
It features a flat tuber with one growth point.
It differs from its brothers in a memorable delicate scent.
The foliage of the European duck is heart-shaped with a jagged edge, basal, silvery-green above and violet-green below.
Flowers with five oval petals (light pink, pale purple, purple), arranged alone on long peduncles.
Duration of the flowering period: from spring to autumn
Occurs on the island of the same name, prefers stony soils shaded by trees or shrubs.
A perennial that can reach a height of 8-16 cm.
The color of the buds is white or pale pink
(Caucasian, Pontic or Abkhazian)
Cyclamen is notable for the fact that the flowers of this species appear at the same time as the foliage.
Duck buds are dark pink with a darker shade along the border
Depending on the variety, the color of the leaves is green or dark silver.
The shade of the petals is also different: pink, white, purple
One of the most famous species in our country.
Another name for this species is Ivy, which the plant received due to the characteristic shape of the leaf.
So the plate is round in shape with noticeable grooves along the edges.
The bud in shape resembles that of the European cyclamen, but the Neapolitan has small horns at the base
It occurs naturally in Africa, Western Europe and Asia.
The plant tolerates moderately cool winters without stopping flowering.
In fact, the buds do not disappear during almost the entire growing season, which lasts for four months.
Persian foliage is distinguished by a dark green tint along the border and a marbled white pattern of veins.
The foliage is heart-shaped.
The buds can vary in color, ranging from white and pink to scarlet.
Despite such a variety, all species are equally beautiful, it cannot be said that some of them are better, and some are worse. Different in color and shape of foliage, they will look equally impressive for any gardener.
The meaning of the flower that symbolizes
Dryak is remarkable not only for gardeners, but also for magicians. So this plant symbolizes harmony in the house where it grows. According to signs, he protects family members who care for him. However, his grace does not extend to random guests at home.
This delicate plant is capable of generating a kind of protective field within a radius of 5 m around itself.
So, if a person is exposed to systematic negative influences, he just needs to place a duck in the house. This delicate flower will help minimize the negative effects of systematic stress or the envy of others.
At the same time, this little defender of goodness does not just absorb or repulse negative energy. Taking it, he returns waves of positive energy to the house.
Energy constantly circulates around healthy and well-groomed bushes, which has a beneficial effect on all residents of the house where they grow. And the more attention is paid to this amulet, the stronger its protection.
Cyclamen care: watering, feeding, lighting
Like any other plant, the dryad needs care.
In order for the flower to please the owners with lush flowering, it is recommended not to forget about some points:
- Watering should be carried out through the pallet, and not pouring water under the root. During flowering, moisturizing should be frequent, after which it is recommended to reduce the amount of moisture. At the same time, it is important that the soil does not dry out completely and is always slightly moistened;
- The flower prefers diffused lighting, exposure to direct sunlight negatively affects its condition;
- The air humidity should be high. Without watering the duck under the root, you need to systematically spray it with warm water from a sprayer;
- Top dressing - once a month from the moment of foliage germination and until the budding period, it is recommended to make complex dressings. After the end of the formation of buds and before the end of the flowering period, it is necessary to change complex fertilizers for special means for feeding blooming indoor flowers.
By following these points and observing the transplant rules, you can provide yourself with the pleasure of admiring lush and bright blooms in winter. It is enough to spend quite a bit of effort and time to get the result.
Let's watch a useful video about the indoor cyclamen flower and caring for it:
When and how to replant, soil requirements
All types of grubs can be replanted only after they have faded and passed into the dormant stage.
Different types of transplant have their own characteristics:
- Persian needs a transplant twice a year. So in late May and early June, it is planted, slightly covered with soil. After the growth of the leaf rosette, the flower is transplanted again so that a third of the tuber remains above the ground;
- European - the transplant should be carried out at the end of September;
- Purple - needs one transplant every four seasons. It should be carried out in the spring before the start of the activation of the growth of greenery.
- When choosing a container for a transplant, it is important that it is slightly larger than the previous one. Before the actual event, the pot must be disinfected to get rid of possible problems.
You can buy the soil for the duck in a specialized store or prepare it yourself. To do this, it is recommended to mix in equal proportions a part of rotted humus, high-moor peat and leafy soil. Disinfect the resulting mixture by watering with a weak solution of potassium permanganate or calcining in an oven.
After that, you can proceed with the direct transplant. Having placed a layer of drainage on the bottom of the pot, fill the pot with soil, without adding a few centimeters to the edges.
Let's watch a video on how to properly transplant a houseplant cyclamen:
Remove the duck from the old container and, after checking the root for damage or dry parts, place the tuber in the center of the pot. Sprinkle on top of the soil, without covering the top of the root head.
When transplanting, it is important not to damage the root, as the plant may then begin to ache. It is recommended to complete the transplant with abundant watering.
Do I need a transplant after purchase
Almost all purchased flowers need to be transplanted, since they arrive at stores in a special transport soil that is not suitable for long-term cultivation. Cyclamen is no exception.
After purchasing, it is recommended to carefully remove it from the container and clean the root of the soil. Then immerse the tuber in warm water for half an hour.
Before planting in a new pot, it is recommended to partially remove the leaves, leaving only the young rosettes of the central part.
If, during the inspection, traces of fungus were noticed on the tubers, it is recommended to treat them with a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
Immediately after transplanting, it is recommended to place the cyclamen in a cool place. If the foliage begins to dry, do not panic, after the flower settles and regains strength, it will sprout green sprouts again.
Content of Persian cyclamen during the dormant period
Cyclamen also requires special care during the rest period. Already by the beginning of spring, after the flowering period is over, the dryak does not release new flower stalks, and the old ones begin to dry.
In order for this period to pass with the maximum benefit for the plant, it should be helped. You do not need to trim the shoots additionally, you can only carefully unscrew the dry peduncles in a clockwise direction.
Accordingly, it is recommended to reduce both the frequency of watering and the amount of fertilizing.
With the right approach to care during the dormant period, re-flowering can be expected by autumn.
Breeding methods, growing from seeds
There are several methods of breeding cyclamen. So you can plant a tuber by separating the daughter shoots. But in some species of duck, daughter shoots are not formed, so the tuber must be divided.
To separate the tuber, dry it and use a clean, sharp knife to divide it into two parts. It is important not to forget to sprinkle the cut sites with activated charcoal or ash.
The root halves must be planted in the substrate and watered. At the same time, there should not be too much water. Excess moisture can lead to the formation of rot and the subsequent death of seedlings.
Another way of propagation of cyclamen is by seeds.
Moreover, it is better not to store the seeds for a long time, but to sow immediately after cracking the capsule. Before direct disembarkation, it is recommended to soak them in warm water for a day. Those that come up should be postponed, they will not sprout.
After soaking, the seeds must be sown into the compost layer at a distance of two centimeters from each other. It is recommended to sprinkle the seeds on top with a layer of sand of 6 mm.
It is recommended to place the container with seedlings in a dark, but not completely dark place. After the formation of small tubers, the seedlings can be planted in separate containers.
It is worth waiting for seed germination on the 30-40th day from the moment of planting.
It is important to systematically moisten the soil, not allowing it to dry out, but not too zealous. After the formation of the first shoots, it is recommended to transfer the container to a place with better lighting. However, direct sunlight should be avoided.
Cyclamens grown in this way will bloom in a year or a half.
After transplanting young tubers into separate containers, it is recommended to care for them in the same way as for adults.
Indoor cyclamen is a plant of amazing beauty that can delight lovers of indoor greenhouses in winter. A gentle enough, but not too whimsical plant, an ideal gift for a winter holiday.