We are searching data for your request:
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.
The first mention of the old variety dates back to the 12th century, after 500 years it was spoken of as
ancient, most famous and widespread. About the origin of the apple tree Aport to this day
there are disputes, Italy, Ukraine, Turkey are called her homeland. In the IXX century at exhibitions
horticultural achievements, the fruits of the tree were represented by Russia and
In industrial horticulture, the variety has been replaced by new ones, more resistant to diseases and natural
cataclysms. But every amateur gardener still dreams of growing on his site
fragrant fruit weighing half a kilo, or even more.
Features and characteristics
The apple variety Aport is classified as late-ripening or winter. Fruiting begins late, at 7-8
year of life, but it lasts for over 40 years.
Aport pleases with a bountiful harvest in a year, up to 150 kg of apples can be harvested from one tree.
The apple tree is larger than average in size, the crown forms a sparse, but powerful. Strong
branches extend from the trunk at a steep angle.
Each fruit receives a sufficient amount of light, during the ripening period it acquires a bright
color and becomes very juicy. The apples are delicious, sweet and sour, with a wine aftertaste.
Ripening period - the second half of September. Transportable fruits, shelf life in the cellar
or refrigerator - 4 months.
Disadvantages of the variety
The problems of the variety are:
Low frost resistance, trees can freeze out even in a temperate climate zone
middle lane. Gardeners argue that wintering problems can be prevented by
grafting Aport on frost-resistant varieties.
Irregular fruiting, which is fully compensated by the abundance of large fruits in
Relative resistance to scab and fruit rot.
Varieties of varieties
The apple tree has many clones that differ from the Aport variety in frost resistance, color and
taste of fruits.
Alexander Differs in yellow flesh and a more pronounced speckled-striped pattern on
Blood red Skin color intense red, medium-grained flesh with spicy
smack. Fruiting cycle - four-year
Alma-Ata Fruit with a bright red blush, retains taste until May, the best
apples grown at an altitude of at least 900 m and no more than 1200 m above the level have qualities
seas. Fruit weight can reach 900g.
White Very productive summer variety, yellowish fruit with loose juicy pulp, weight
Less common clones Pink, Ukrainian, Shiny, Huge.
Planting and leaving
When planting a tree, you should adhere to the following rules:
the best soil for the apple tree Aport is drained loam;
the landing site should be well lit by the sun, the depth of the groundwater
- more than 1 m, otherwise it will be necessary to create an artificial hill from
fertile soil and equip the drainage system;
• the deepening of the neck of the tree below ground level must not be allowed;
a mixture of peat, humus is introduced into the planting pit to increase the fertility of the soil
or compost with fertile soil.
Next, you will need to follow the simple rules of care:
systematically remove weeds from the root circle and loosen the soil;
in dry hot weather, water the seedling 1-2 times a week, it is recommended to make
at least 20 liters of water;
to reduce moisture loss, the trunk circle can be covered with a layer of mulch.
Be sure to apply fertilizers:
Mineral, saltpeter (30 g per 10 l
water) or 100 g of superphosphate in combination with 60 g of potassium per 10 liters of water.
As a summer dressing: 45 g of nitrophoska and 10 g of sodium humate, dissolved in 10 l
As foliar - use a urea solution (30 g per 10 l of water).
Slurry and poultry manure solution can be used as organic
Aport, like other varieties of apple trees, requires systematic pruning:
The first is carried out immediately after planting, it stimulates growth and emergence of shoots.
Then, for 3 years, corrective pruning is carried out to form the crown.
Regular sanitary pruning is carried out to dilute the crown.
• A mature tree requires anti-aging pruning.
Disease prevention, pest control
The Aport variety is not particularly resistant to scab, therefore it is recommended to produce
preventive spraying of apple trees with a solution of copper sulfate (50g) and urea (300g) per
10 liters of water.
If the scab has already been found, then the tree is processed:
7% urea solution;
1% solution of copper sulfate;
• HOM preparation (40 g per 10 liters of water).
It can be sprayed before flowering and during fruit setting.
The moth is a dangerous pest for the apple tree. To combat it, use a solution
chlorophos (20 g per 10 l of water) or karbofos (30 g per 10 l).
When green aphids are damaged, they are treated with a 0.3% solution of entobacterin.
Spraying from pests is performed every 2 weeks, 3 weeks before harvest
processing is canceled.