When choosing sweet pepper seeds, experienced vegetable growers often prefer the rather old Bogatyr variety. Summer residents are attracted by the characteristics of this plant and they are in no hurry to replace it with modern hybrids.
The variety was bred by Moldovan agronomists, then improved by Russian ones. Its originator is the Russian AGROFIRMA POISK LLC. The year was entered in the State Register - 1996.
The variety can be grown in greenhouses and outdoors. The fruits can be classified as universal, they are processed and consumed fresh.
Description of the plant
Bogatyr pepper bushes are standard, spreading, well leafy with large dark green leaves. The average height reaches 60 - 70 cm.
The ovaries are solitary. From the moment of germination to harvest, it takes from 115 to 130 days
Description of fruits
The fruits have a conical, slightly ribbed shape, they are located drooping. The average weight of the fruit is from 75 to 100g. In a state of technical ripeness, they are light green; when fully ripe, they acquire bright red, become glossy.
The aroma is pronounced, the taste is high, the pungency and bitterness are not felt. Pod wall thickness from 4.9 to 5.8 mm. Fruits contain 3 to 6.7% sugars and 5.8 to 8.3% dry matter.
The size of the fruits is most likely average, but they have the same shape, even, and have excellent commercial qualities.
The fruits are well stored and perfectly withstand transportation, so the owners of the plots willingly grow the variety for their own use and for sale in agricultural markets.
Pepper bears fruit steadily.
Advantages and disadvantages of the Bogatyr variety
Among the positive aspects, we note:
- high productivity;
- the ability to survive and bear fruit during temperature extremes and cold snaps;
- Resistant to some of the characteristic diseases of pepper;
- beautiful standard fruit shape;
- good taste that the product does not lose during heat treatment;
- the ability to store for a long period and transport;
- the versatility of the fruit.
There are disadvantages, there are few of them, they are characteristic of almost all varieties of pepper:
- the need for systematic watering in dry and hot weather;
- in the shaded area, there is a decrease in yield.
Growing strong seedlings
In private farms, the variety is grown through seedlings. The seeds are calibrated, pickled in a 1% solution of potassium permanganate. To speed up germination, they are soaked in a warm solution of a growth stimulator for a couple of hours, then wrapped in a damp linen napkin, kept until sprouts appear.
The recommended time for sowing seeds for seedlings is February, the specific date should be calculated in accordance with the lunar sowing calendar. The soil can be used store-bought, intended for growing seedlings, but if a homemade substrate is used, then sawdust, soil taken from the garden, peat and sand are added to it. The soil is immediately enriched with minerals.
To destroy pathogenic microorganisms, the soil is treated with a solution of potassium permanganate before sowing, then dried.
Seeds can be sown in boxes or cups, it is not worth deepening them by more than 1 cm.
The condition for rapid germination is maintaining the temperature +23 C +25 C. Light at this stage is not needed, to maintain moisture, the crops are covered with foil or glass.
The film is removed after emergence, the containers are transferred to a well-lit room. To prevent the seedlings from pulling out, it is recommended to lower the temperature.
In case of insufficient lighting, it is necessary to organize illumination with phytolamps, so as to extend the daylight hours up to 10 hours.
Seedlings need irrigation and feeding with complex fertilizers, feeding is carried out at intervals of 10 days.
They begin to harden the seedlings two weeks before planting in the ground.
Let's watch a useful video about that. how to properly grow seedlings of Bogatyr pepper:
Open ground landing rules
Seedlings are planted in open ground after the threat of frost disappears, depending on the region, this may be the end of May - beginning of June.
The site will need to be well lit, it is possible to place the beds in partial shade, but a deep shadow will negatively affect the yield of pepper and the quality of the pods.
The predecessors of pepper can be different varieties of cabbage, zucchini and pumpkin, beets and carrots, legumes. Planting peppers after tomatoes, other nightshade crops and the pepper itself is highly undesirable.
Recommended planting pattern for pepper: 0.4m x 0.4m.
This variety does not have any special secrets for growing a good harvest; it is enough to use the standard recommendations of crop agricultural technology.
Caring for growing bushes requires:
- weeding and loosening after rains and watering;
- moistening the soil;
- dressing, during the growing season, it will take 3 or 4;
- mulching the beds;
- preventive measures;
- medical treatments for diseases and pests (if required).
For irrigation, use warm water in small quantities, but make sure that the soil does not dry out. As the bushes grow, the volume of water increases, but watering is less frequent.
It should be remembered that the Bogatyr pepper variety does not tolerate the drying out of the soil during periods of extreme heat.
Complex fertilizers enriched with minerals are used as top dressing. If desired, you can use separate monofertilizers, but chlorine-containing ones should be avoided.
Pepper will benefit:
- infusion of fresh bird droppings or manure;
- infusion of ash or herbs;
- yeast solution.
Pests and diseases
Thanks to the efforts of breeders, the Bogatyr variety has acquired a stable immunity to such common diseases:
- tobacco mosaic,
- late blight,
However, plants can be severely affected by aphids, white, gray and bacterial rot ..
In any case, it is required to periodically inspect the plants and in case of symptoms of diseases or damage by pests, it is advisable to take urgent measures: treating the leaves and stems of the plant with insecticides. With a slight lesion, you can use folk remedies, spray the plant with a solution of laundry soap or infusion of red hot pepper.
Harvesting and storage of crops
The fruits of the Bogatyr pepper begin to ripen at the end of July. Fruiting of the plant continues until frost. The harvest begins to be harvested in a state of technical ripeness, when the peppers have already gained sufficient size, but will remain green. You can get delicious red pods after they are fully ripe on the bushes, the fruits turn bright red during this period.
You can store the crop for 1.5 - 2, or even three months. For storage, pods are selected that have not reached full maturity, do not have any defects or signs of disease. They are gently wiped with a damp towel, dried, and folded into wooden boxes.
The ideal storage temperature is within +2 +3 C, humidity is within 90%. You can find recommendations for storing peppers, when each fruit is wrapped in thick paper and placed in a box. This option promises a longer storage period, up to 5 months.
Pepper fruits Bogatyr varieties can be used for cooking:
- first and second courses;
- ketchups, dressings, lecho, adjika;
- salads, raw;
- salads canned for the winter.
Peppers can be frozen, whole or in pieces, pickled and salted, dried.
Bogatyr is a variety of pepper that has been deservedly popular with summer residents for a quarter of a century. The variety gives stable yields, and even a novice vegetable grower can master the rules of caring for it.
Let's see another interesting video about the Bogatyr variety: