We are searching data for your request:
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.
To grow this tomato variety in areas with a predominance of cold climates, you need to build special shelters or film greenhouses. It is possible to plant a tomato in open ground if the weather on the territory of which the sowing takes place is stably warm.
- Culling tomato seeds
Tomato Budenovka belongs to large-fruited medium early (its ripening period averages 107-110 days) varieties. It happens that it reaches a height of 150 cm.Budenovka has won considerable popularity among gardeners and has firmly established itself in many household plots, primarily due to extreme unpretentiousness in growing and care, relatively high resistance to late blight and other diseases, as well as cracking, extremely high yield and excellent taste.
Culling tomato seeds
Exceptionally viable seedlings germinate well. Therefore, before sowing, you need to select suitable seeds for it, i.e. make rejection. Rejection can be done in two ways:
- Manual method. This method means a close visual inspection of the seed. Seedlings showing obvious signs of disease or differing in color or size from healthy seeds should be separated.
- Using regular table salt. The seeds should be placed in a 1.5% salt solution and see which ones sink to the bottom of the container. Floated seeds are not suitable for sowing. The seeds at the bottom are healthy and should be used as seed. After selection, the seeds should be thoroughly washed.
In order for Budenovka to give good shoots, it needs light and highly fertile soil.
The tomato belongs to those plants that are grown in seedlings. Before starting sowing, the seeds should be washed and soaked for a while, having previously treated them with a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
Experienced gardeners recommend starting to prepare seedlings at the beginning of the cold weather retreat (late March - early April), when the soil temperature is at least 20 °. It is not advisable to immerse the seedlings to a depth of more than 0.5 cm.
To transplant the sprouting seeds of the Budenovka tomato in the flowering phase of the first brush to a new place only after the frosts have passed. The seeding depth should be equal to 1.5-2 cm and be carried out according to the scheme 60x30-35 cm. You can also add humus or 10 grams of superphosphate to the dug hole.
The first tomato inflorescence can be seen above the 9-11 leaves, the gap between the subsequent inflorescences is three leaves. The number of fruits in each inflorescence varies from 3 to 7.
The cultivation of this variety of tomatoes does not require excessive efforts (perhaps the only laborious process is the formation and tying of bushes, which is especially necessary for greenhouse plants). Indeed, even in not the most successful seasons, one can count on a high yield of Budenovka tomato in the form of large and unusually tasty salad fruits.
As the bush forms for further growth, it must be strengthened in a timely manner (tie each bush to stakes). The tomato requires periodic watering. Particular attention should be paid to watering at certain stages of tomato growth: before flowering, with the appearance of ovaries and at the very beginning of fruit ripening. After the plant is watered, you need to thoroughly loosen the ground near it and cut off the lower leaves.
For good ripening of fruits and an early harvest with excessive growth of seedlings, it is necessary to remove the newly appeared processes (stepchildren). If a bifurcation occurs at the top of the plant, it is necessary to tie each branch to the greenhouse grates.
Tomato trunks are spud in pairs, after which they are covered with hay or plucked grass.
It is also worth noting that for normal development, Budenovka needs feeding with elements such as phosphorus and potassium: as fertilizers for this variety, you can use, for example, a solution of crushed superphosphate and an infusion of ground eggshell.
A characteristic feature of this variety is a kind of ripening: it takes place from late July to early autumn, while the fruits ripen from the inside. That is, when the outwardly tomatoes look greenish, inside they are already fully ripe. The fruits are harvested in the phase of pink or brown ripeness.
At the end of July, the ripening of the tomato planted in the open field begins. The weight of one fruit of this variety, as a rule, is about three hundred, and often can reach seven hundred grams.
The average yield of one bush is about four to five kilograms, and with proper care for the season, up to seven kilograms of tomatoes can be harvested from the bush. At the same time, the Budenovka tomato has almost identical fruits with fleshy, sweet pulp and a very small seed box.
Fresh tomatoes are packed with healthy vitamins and minerals, especially potassium, iron and magnesium. Eating tomatoes is curative and is suitable even for allergy sufferers.
- Tomato Budenovka can be eaten fresh. It is also very good for further processing.
- Small and not very large tomatoes are usually used for canning. The larger ones are good for making pasta, juice, mashed potatoes, lecho, etc.
- Tomato slices can be frozen.
With the constant use of tomatoes in food, there is a significant decrease in the level of cholesterol in the blood, an improvement in the functioning of the organs of the gastrointestinal tract and the normalization of blood pressure, which has a positive effect on the general condition of the body.