We are searching data for your request:
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.
A bountiful harvest of delicious vegetables and fruits is not a tribute to the merciful nature, but the regular work of a gardener. As they say, only weeds grow without care, so if you want to grow a noble crop on your site, you need to stock up on weeding and watering equipment, fertilizers to create optimal conditions and patience.
- Garlic - growing principles and comprehensive care
- Autumn is time to plant garlic
- Fertilizing and feeding - a necessary help to the plant
- Proper watering is a guarantee of a good harvest
Garlic - growing principles and comprehensive care
In order to grow fragrant and healthy garlic, you will need to follow certain rules for soil preparation, sowing and care. Garlic is indispensable as a remedy for the prevention and treatment of colds, and spice lovers also use cloves to prepare culinary delights and during conservation. Any summer resident can count on a rich harvest of a miracle healer if he provides the culture with the necessary conditions:
- soil preparation - long before sowing, the planting site should be fertilized with manure;
- mineral nutrition of the plant during growth;
- regular watering is also a prerequisite for quality care;
- in case of disease, the plant needs weeding and watering using special means.
Autumn is time to plant garlic
The most optimal time for planting is autumn. In the second half of September or early October, cloves of garlic are planted in the prepared soil; before the first frosts appear, they will have time to take root, but at the same time they will not germinate or freeze. Planting is preceded by a series of preparatory work that should not be ignored.
The garlic bed must be dug up, all weeds and their rhizomes must be removed, the soil must be fertilized with compost or humus, and watered abundantly.
Carefully inspect the material for planting, all cloves must be healthy and clean without signs of rot and mold. Cloves of garlic for planting should be easily separated from each other, be dense and elastic, with a pinkish or lilac skin. In order to get a harvest of heads with large teeth, the planting material should be warmed up to 40º or kept in a saline solution.
It is also practiced to use seeds for sowing, this method of reproduction is not so practical, but in the absence of other planting material, it is often used by gardeners. Seeds are selected according to the same principle as cloves.
Fertilizing and feeding - a necessary help to the plant
The use of fertilizers is an individual decision that must be made by the grower himself. For garlic, it is best to use mineral fertilizers, however, the frequency of their use and the amount should be controlled, since an excess of phosphates and nitrates can negatively affect the yield. For planting, a high-quality substrate or sandy loam soil is optimal.
It is better not to break a bed of garlic in the place where potatoes were previously grown, and you should also not plant this crop for two years in a row in the same area. The best place will be the area where cucumbers or zucchini grew and where organic fertilizers were used.
Memo to the gardener: in order to provide the plant with the most complete care, its external characteristics must be taken into account. So, for example, the slow growth of leaves should be regarded as a lack of nutrients and a special solution should be prepared to maintain the plant:
- 10 liters of water;
- 1 tbsp. spoon of urea;
- 1 tbsp. bird droppings.
The resulting solution should be used once every two weeks, the procedure should be repeated as needed.
Proper watering is a guarantee of a good harvest
The process of soil moistening is an important component of full-fledged care of vegetable crops.
An excess of moisture can provoke the process of decay, while a lack of moisture can lead to drying out, both of which inevitably lead to the death of the plant, so you should be especially careful about the intensity of watering. Garlic especially needs abundant watering during the period of growth and development; at the time of ripening, the soil should be moderately moistened.
By the appearance of the plant, you can determine whether the plant needs watering or not.
So, for example, gray-white garlic feathers with curved tips may indicate a lack of moisture, and a pale green tint indicates that watering should be delayed.
As practice shows, garlic as a vegetable crop is unpretentious and does not require special care. For its cultivation, no special conditions, temperature conditions or lighting are needed. For the full development and growth of the plant, it is sufficient to remove weeds in a timely manner and loosen the soil. Considering these features of cultivation, you can enjoy an excellent harvest of large and beautiful heads of garlic all year round.