Geum coccineum is a medium-sized perennial herbaceous plant native to the Balkan area. In spring it develops basal rosettes, constituted by degrees roundish, slightly rough and leathery leaves, with an irregularly lobed or serrated edge, covered by a thin down; from May until late summer among the leaves stand numerous thin, pubescent, 30-50 cm tall stems, which carry single, roundish flowers, consisting of five red or orange petals, with golden yellow stamens in the center. Flowering continues throughout the summer, but only if the maximum temperatures are not too high; to encourage the development of new flowers it is advisable to remove the withered flowers. These perennial herbaceous plants lose their aerial part during the winter; the geum they are often grown in rock gardens. There are some cultivars, with very bright colored flowers, or even double ones.
The species of Geum coccineum are placed in a sunny place, or partially shady; they are species that do not fear the winter cold, but hardly withstand the summer heat: in areas with torrid summers it is good to plant the plants in a place sheltered from the sun during the hottest hours of the day. This is to prevent the leaves from drying out and the plant to suffer from the lack of water and excessively high temperatures compared to its real needs. It is a plant particularly suitable for creating long-lasting borders.
As for watering, it is good to irrigate the plant from March until September on a regular basis; It is necessary to let the soil dry slightly between one watering and another to avoid the formation of water stagnation; these plants do not tolerate excessively long periods of drought, which leads to their death; with the arrival of cold avoid watering, to allow the plant to enter in vegetative rest. During the hot months provide fertilizer for flowering plants, every 15-20 days, mixed with the water used for watering.
The geum prefer soft and light soils rich in organic matter; these plants fear water stagnation, especially during the winter season, to avoid this phenomenon it is good to grow them in very well drained soil. This species prefers a soil with a basically acid PH.
Anyone wishing to obtain new Geum coccineum seedlings can proceed with the multiplication of the plant by seed. The operation will be performed in the spring season. During the autumn it is instead possible to divide the clumps of roots. The multiplication of the species takes place in any case every 3-4 years.
Geum coccineum: Pests and diseases
Generally the Geum coccineum are not attacked by pests or diseases as they are quite resistant plants; they can have a short life in very hot and dry areas in summer, or very wet in winter.
However, to avoid possible diseases of the plant it is possible to bury the insecticidal bait in our cultivation soil in such a way as to prevent the attack of harmful insects.