Garden

Margheritina - Bellis perennis


GeneralitŠ°


Daisy or Marguerite is one of the most common asteraceae, native to Europe, it is also widespread in Asia and the American continent; it seems to be the archetype of the daisy, from which dozens of species of asteraceae with the very similar flower shape take their name. They have a small creeping rhizome, from which small pale green leaves emerge, oval or spatula-shaped, gathered in crushed rosettes, which rise a few cm from the ground. From the end of winter until autumn between the leaves there are thin stems, sometimes slightly arched, 5-10 cm high, which carry small flowers; what is commonly considered a single flower is in fact a flower head, which brings together in the central part small white tubular flowers, and in the external part of the small ligulate flowers, which bear a single white or pinkish ligule. The most cultivated cultivars of daisy usually have spherical heads, consisting only of ligulate flowers, pink, white or purple; to encourage the production of flowers we can remove the flowers that are now withered. Daisies are sometimes considered as weeds, because over time the rhizomes tend to widen and produce increasingly larger spots; they are also used in herbal medicine, to prepare infusions and decoctions.

Exposure


As for sun and exposure, the bellis perennis they love very sunny positions, but they develop and bloom without problems even in partial shade; they do not fear the cold, and often they bloom even in late winter, and the flowers do not get ruined because they are exposed to quite rigid temperatures.
These are rustic flowers that are found almost everywhere in Italy, especially in low prairies and frequently mown gardens.

Watering



Speaking of watering, the wild varieties of bellis perennis are satisfied with the rains, they may need watering only in the case of very prolonged dry periods; spherical flower cultivars are a little bit more demanding, and need regular watering, always waiting for the soil to be dry between one watering and another. We also advise supplying the cultivar with fertilizer for flowering plants, every 10-12 days, dissolved in the water used for watering, in order to favor the flowering of the daisy.

Ground



The daisy species develop without problems in the common garden soil, possibly lightened with sand and pumice stone, so as to increase drainage. They don't like soils that are too acidic, moist or excessively dry.
Medium-textured soils are the ideal growing medium for these seedlings, which suffer from moisture and water stagnation and which love land where organic matter is not lacking.

Multiplication



The multiplication of bellis occurs by seed, in winter, in a warm seedbed; in autumn it is possible to divide the small rhizomes, or remove the lateral branches that the rhizomes produce freely. It is a species that takes root quite easily both with sowing and with the removal of the rhizomes.

Margheritina - Bellis perennis: Pests and diseases


These plants fear the excessive humidity of the soil, which can lead to the development of rot and therefore mold of the root system. Sometimes the aphids nestle among the leaves and on the flowers but for the species of daisy in the wild it is difficult to notice attacks of parasites that can heavily compromise the health of the plant.