Only two species of small bulbous plants belong to this genus. DI Puschkinia scilloides bulbs produce pairs of large, fleshy, dark green, glossy and thick leaves; at the end of winter-early spring between the leaves develops a cylindrical stem, 15-20 cm high, on which numerous bell-shaped flowers bloom, of pure white or blue, crossed by blue streaks; the "alba" variety has completely white flowers. Although not large (in fact it reaches about 10 centimeters in height but does not go any further) these bulbs tend to naturalize in the gardens, constituting large, very showy colonies when they bloom in February-March.
Puschkinia scilloides is a plant that comes from the Middle East area and more precisely from the area of Turkey and Syria.
Let us remember to place the bulbs of Puschkinia scilloides in a very bright position, to ensure that it receives at least 4-5 hours of direct light a day. Remember that this plant does not fear the cold, although it can happen that a high humidity of the soil during the cold months causes the rot of the bulbs. Usually we tend to place these bulbous plants under deciduous plants, so that they are in full sun during the cold months, while the leaves shade the ground in July-August, during the summer rest.
The flowering of this plant is prolonged and lasts for several weeks, coloring the garden or the terrace in a very pleasant way. The plant can survive well even in the mountains with evidence of cultivation even at very high altitudes.
In general Puschkinia scilloides plants can withstand short periods of drought but for good flowering it is advisable to water them sporadically in February-March. During the spring months provide some fertilizer for bulbous plants every 10-15 days to give the plant all the substances it needs.
In very hot summers let's remember to frequently bathe the soil to prevent the bulb from drying out: when these are dormant, we forget to water them and the Puschkinia scilloides bulbs can die dried out.
Place at 5-6 cm deep, in very soft and drained soil; you can prepare an ideal soil by mixing the garden soil with a part of leaf soil and a part of sand. These plants tend to produce numerous new bulbs, continuously expanding, for optimal flowering it is good to leave the bulbs undisturbed.
On the market there are many soils suitable for this type of plants but beware of too cheap products that could compromise the development of your plants.
The Puschkinia scilloides plants multiply by seed, in ideal cultivation conditions they self-seed. In autumn the new bulbs can be separated, even if they do not always bloom again during the following spring. To divide the bulbs you must be careful and cut the bulb clearly and precisely with a pair of clean shears.
Puschkinia scilloides: Pests and diseases
Puschkinia scilloides are not subject to particular diseases. Sometimes the snails gnaw the new leaves in early spring ruining the fresh leaves.