Ipheion uniflorum is a small bulbous plant, native to central-southern America. The foliage of this plant is similar to grass, erect or arched; in February-March it produces single flowers, on short stems, 15-25 cm high. The flowers are white, suffused with blue-violet, with a dark eye; they are star-shaped. After flowering, the foliage dries up and can be removed. Generally, to obtain a showy flowering, it is good to bury some nearby ipheion bulbs, about 15-20.
There are numerous known Ipheion species and the same number are cultivated for ornamental purposes. Ipheion uniflorum, originating in Argentina, is undoubtedly the most well-known and cultivated, and the cultivars with which we can find it are really many, with really special flowers and shades. The most common color is purple but plants can also be found with white and yellow flowers.
Place the Ipheion uniflorum plants in a sunny or partially shady place; these bulbs are very suitable for the wild, as they do not fear the cold.
Like many bulbous plants also the hypheion can be satisfied with the rains, given that it develops mainly during the spring season, generally very humid; in case of prolonged drought during February-March, however, it is advisable to water the bulbs, but only if the soil is dry.
The ideal soil for the hypheions is rich and well drained, possibly soft. To obtain an abundant flowering every year it is advisable to periodically dig up the bulbs and thin them. They tolerate both acidic and calcareous soils.
If you are planning to grow these bulbs in a vase, take a good quality soil and place the bulbs 5-8 cm below the soil. The bulb is white and depending on its size it can give life to plants with more or less large and thick stems.
In spring and summer we keep the soil moist, especially if we put the ipheion just off the ground; in this way we will favor its survival and development.
The reproduction of Ipheion uniflorum occurs by seed or by removing the bulbils that are naturally produced every year. They are buried in autumn, before the frosts. Ipheion uniflorum bulbs produce lateral offshoots that give life to new individuals.
As for seed reproduction, this bulbous flower blooms in spring and the first seeds will be ready by the end of summer. Ipheion uniflorum flowers are very fragrant.
Ipheion uniflorum: Pests and diseases
These plants are not particularly prone to attack by pests and diseases but it is good to pay attention to the attack of slugs and snails and to the development of root rot.