Hyacinth comes from Asia and more precisely from Aleppo and Baghdad. It is one of the most common perennial bulbous plants and is suitable to be cultivated in full earth, by force, or in carafes. The Latin name of the plant is Hyacinthus orientalis but it is more commonly known as Hyacinth of Holland. This species belongs to the Liliaceae family and reaches a maximum height of 15 cm. The size of the bulb, of the tunicate type, ranges from 10-12 cm up to a maximum of 20 cm.
Characteristics of the flower
The flowers of Hyacinthus orientalis can take on various colors: white, pink, red, lilac, purple, with all shades up to blue and dark blue; their scent is delicate and their shape is similar to that of a panicle. The hyacinths of Holland can present simple flowers or double flowers. The flowering season is spring. Thanks to their intense aroma, hyacinths are often used to cheer, beautify and perfume the home environment.
The plant of the eastern hyacinth normally reaches a height of 20/30 cm. These are erect stems with ribbon-like leaves, bright green that come together at the base of the stem. The flowers are tubular, open like a star and come together in racemes of different colors (from pink to lilac, from blue to orange). The cultivation of the eastern Hyacinth is quite simple and does not require particular precautions both in full ground and in pots.
The plants of Hyacinthus orientalis are quite easy to grow. The ideal soil must be rich in organic substances, fresh, loose and above all well drained. The planting period is from September to December while the depth at which the bulbs are placed is about 15 cm. To facilitate their growth it is good to leave between one bulb and another about 20 cm. As for the exposure, hyacinths need very bright and sunny places both when grown on the ground and in pots. The flowering of the eastern hyacinth will take place at the end of winter, with the arrival of March when the temperatures are still quite cool and watering should not be done frequently.
The multiplication of the hyacinth occurs through the bulbils. It is fundamental to leave the bulbs in the soil for a long period of time (even a year) to allow them to create cloves. The cloves thus obtained will be planted in the autumn season.
Eastern hyacinth - Hyacinthus orientalis: Pests and diseases
When hyacinth is cultivated taking into account its particular cultivation needs, it is unlikely to be attacked by pests and diseases. It is in fact a resistant and healthy plant, especially when it is grown on the ground.
A possible problem of the plant is represented by the attack of the slugs and the snails that feed on the leaves compromising the aesthetics of our hyacinth.
Another problem is the gray mold caused in most cases by water stagnation. Fighting it is rather difficult but it is possible to try to eliminate the affected parts with repeated washing and irrigation of specific products.