The Lily of the Amazon also known as Eucharis grandiflora, is a bulbous plant native to South America; it has elongated foliage, 7-10 cm wide and up to 25-35 cm long, dark green, glossy and fairly leathery. They have a short winter growing period, during which the foliage dries up; even when they are not in bloom the plants have a decorative appearance, so they are often used as houseplants. During the spring period between the leaves develop erect, cylindrical, fleshy stems, which carry at the apex a crown of large white flowers, very fragrant; in general, each bulb can produce up to 4-5 stems, each of which carries 4-6 flowers. Occasionally it may happen that flowering occurs even in summer. The foliage and the bulb are poisonous, the contact with the leaves can cause, in sensitive subjects, slight irritations. These bulbous plants are grown in the garden, in an apartment and also as cut flowers.
The Amazon lily is grown in a partially shaded or even completely shaded place, however away from direct sunlight. They fear frost, especially if intense or prolonged, so they are grown outdoors only in places with mild winters, otherwise they are grown in apartments or in containers, so as to move the pots in a sheltered place during the colder winter months and guarantee them optimal growth.
During the vegetative period water regularly, trying to keep the soil always slightly damp, but not soaked with water. If desired it is possible to keep the eucharis grandiflora constantly in vegetation, watering the soil all year long; but it seems that a short period of winter vegetative rest favors a better spring flowering. For this reason we remind to reduce watering in winter, avoiding however to leave the soil dry for prolonged periods of time; It is probable that during the vegetative rest the leaves dry up, will resume to develop with the beginning of the beautiful season. From March to September, add the specific fertilizer for flowering plants to the water, every 15-20 days.
These bulbous plants are cultivated in deep, soft soil rich in organic matter; generally a good balanced universal soil is used. Let us remember that these bulbous plants do not like to be moved too often, so even for specimens grown in pots we recommend changing the container only every 3-4 years.
When the plants are in their vegetative season, it is important to add fertilizer to the water of the waterings with a minimum frequency of 2 times a month.
The multiplication of the Amazon lily occurs by seed, or even by division of the cloves which are naturally produced over the years. Reproduction occurs in the spring season.
Lily of the Amazon - Eucharis grandiflora: Pests and diseases
The species of eucharis grandiflora are hardly affected by pests or diseases. A problem that could be encountered by the plant is due to the humidity of the environment in which it is found to grow or to the presence of water stagnation. If moisture is excessive, the plant can develop fungal diseases.