To the spathiphyllo genus belong 4-5 perennial herbaceous plants, originating in Central America. The most commonly cultivated is S. wallisii; it produces long dark green leaves, shiny, slightly arched, pointed, carried by a long, slightly rigid petiole. It produces particular inflorescences consisting of a long white spade, rolled around a cob of white flowers. The flowers last several weeks, turning green before they are completely withered. To obtain a healthy and luxuriant plant it is advisable to remove the ruined leaves and the withered flowers.
The spatula It is an indoor plant characterized by long leaves generally lanceolate. If grown in the right conditions it produces "modified" leaves of white color, called spate.
This feature, in addition to a certain ease of cultivation and fast growth, makes it one of the most widespread plants in apartments.
It is also ideal for those who want to approach the world of green for the first time.
It belongs to the Araceae family.
Lily of peace
Abroad it is also known as "lily of peace" or "flower of the moon". It is spontaneous in areas characterized by hot and humid climate, given that most varieties come from the forests of Central and South America.
The most widespread in cultivation is it spatula Wallisii, originally from Colombia.
Freshly imported into Europe it quickly became popular due to its strength and fast growth. In fact, it can quickly exceed 30 cm in height, even if on average the specimens range from 60 to 1 meter, when they reach adulthood.
Another feature that has favored the spread is certainly the beauty of the leaves, very elongated, shiny and of a lively and brilliant green. The layout of these also gives the whole a dynamic and modern appearance, suitable for city settings.
In our country the Spathiphyllum are cultivated exclusively as houseplants, as they fear the cold, and prefer nighttime minimum temperatures above 12-15 ° C. They can withstand unsuitable growing conditions, such as dark or shady locations, but to obtain lush plants and abundant blooms it is necessary to provide at least a few hours a day of filtered sunlight, avoiding that the sun's rays hit the plant directly.
This plant, at our latitudes, is cultivated mainly as an indoor vegetable or in any case to be withdrawn during the winter months. It can therefore be kept only in a vase.
To grow well, it needs an environment that is warm on average, quite bright and possibly with good atmospheric humidity.
To grow with its own vigor, the spatifillo needs a very bright exposure, but the light, especially from spring to summer, must never be direct. If it is excessive, it can cause burns.
Ultimately we can say that in interiors it is good to place it near a window, perhaps shielded with a light curtain.
Always keep in mind that the part of the spaty knife most exposed to light grows faster. To keep the specimen balanced it is good to remember to rotate the pot every 15 days.
If during the summer we want to move the specimen outside we can place it under a pergola or in the shade of a deciduous tree.
However, it must be pointed out that it can also live in environments where the light is more scarce. It generally reacts rather well, only slowing down the growth and, of course, flowering a little less.
FOLIAGE AND HEIGHT
Pure white spade flowers, very slender
It has long, thin, lanceolate leaves
Growth is rapid. It is the most common variety on the market
The flowers are more oval and curled, cream-colored that become green
Wider leaves, 1 meter high, fragrant flowers
Generally it does not exceed 30 cm in height
Very compact and dense with foliage
All soils, except those that are too compact
Spate stretched. The spadix is very short and round, slightly wavy
|Spate very large and very white, sharp and turning green when ripe|
The leaves have darker ribs
There is also a variegated cultivar
Short green-yellow spadix
Very large leaves
Spata green and cream and elongated spadix of darker color
The foliage is cream stained. The main rib can take on a white color